Levels of Analysis Sociologists

Levels of Analysis Sociologists

Most people on welfare are white and would prefer to work. Violence is lower now than a decade ago. When talking, women maintain more eye contact than men. The number of places to purchase alcohol does not increase alcohol related injuries and fatalities on IIS highways. Couples who do not live together before they marry usually report higher satisfaction with their marriages than couples who cohabitate. Why Study Sociology? Gain a better understanding of ourselves and our social world. Helps us see how behavior is shaped by the society in which we live.

Helps us look beyond arsenal experiences and gain insight into the larger world order. Levels of Analysis Sociologists can use different levels of analysis to explore social relationships: Microbiology: Microbiology: The Macro-Micro Continuum (Figure 1. 3) The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright @ 2010 W. W. Norton & Company Augusta Comet The “father of sociology’ Argued for the empirical study of society Analyzed social static and dynamics Mile Druthers, 1858-1917 Druthers: Social facts: we can study aspects of social life in a scientific manner (ex.

Hoarders) suicide (1897) Anomie Karl Marx,1818-83 Class conflict Economic Determinism False consciousness Class consciousness Alienation Max Weber (“Barber, 1864-1920 Agreed that the economy is important, but not the only major force for social change Culture and values also shape social change (indeed, they shape the kind of economy we have) Described the development of bureaucracy and the rationalization of modern life Functionalism Society is a complex system of interdependent parts that work together to ensure a society survival.

Functions are purposes and activities to meet different needs that contribute to a society’s stability. Functionalism ensure a society’s survival. Functions are purposes and activities to meet different needs that contribute to a society stability. Functionalism Manifest functions are intended and recognized. Latent functions are unintended and unrecognized. Dysfunctions have negative impacts. Application A school dress code What are the manifest functions? What are the latent functions? What are the dysfunctions? A fast food restaurant Public Schools

Conflict Theory Conflict theory examines the ways in which groups disagree, struggle over power, and compete for scarce resources. Karl Marx predicted that conflict would result from widespread economic inequality. Augusta Comet The “haves” dominate in social, political and economic activities over the “have-onto” Symbolic Interactions Symbolic interactions looks at individuals’ everyday behavior and communication through symbols and shared meanings. It is a micro-level perspective. Interactions see society as socially constructed. The “father of sociology”

Argued for the empirical study Of society “have_onto” How do humans mark their territory? How do we define the different racial categories that people are assigned? How do we know how to feel about a war? Major Theoretical Perspectives Functionalist or Consensus: Composed of interrelated parts that work together to maintain stability. Threat to society if institution fails. Conflict: Society is characterized by social inequality. Social life is a struggle for scarce resources. Symbolic Interactions: Behavior is learned in interaction with other people.

Please follow and like us:
Haven’t found the essay you want?