Teenagers especially

Teenagers especially

Although the original incidents ere relatively minor – some scuffling and shoving and a lot of drunkenness the papers chose to headline the violence as if it was much worse than it was. Cohen established this through content analysis Of the newspapers. This kind of reporting created concern amongst the readers, the police and moral entrepreneurs in society and led to demands that something must be done about ‘the young people of today. This concern is described by Interactions as a ‘moral panic’ about whoever is the ‘folk devil’ of the day.

The media create folk devils all the time. The moods and rockers were in the sass, but today we might have asylum seekers. It doesn’t even have to be an identifiable group. The European Union is presented as a folk devil by some is a global enterprise that has saturated the world; it is pa peers. Where most of our social knowledge is gained, therefore it can be highly influential. It has been accepted as part everyday life as it is easily accessible in most cultures.

This knowledge is transmitted through television, internet, radio, books, newspapers, journals, advertising, and magazines. In terms of news, it gets filtered and edited as to what can be the most newsworthy, that ill sell papers. It has in the past and present cause moral panics, stigmas, and outsiders. Cohen and Young (1973) stated that, the media create moral panics about folk devils (Marsh & Keating, 2006). It largely focuses on the incidents that have occurred rather than the reasons why – it can be extremely exaggerated.

The media has a huge influence over the creation of deviance, and categorization of groups of individuals as the deviants. ***The first negative effect that has been noted in teenagers is an increase In violence and aggression. This is a direct effect of what they see in movies, elevation, music and video games. Recent studies have revealed that almost a large percentage of movies and television programs that are in current production have a large percentage of scripts that are inclined towards violence (Line et al. , 2003).

The film production industry is opportunistic and producers and directors understand the importance of making movies that are riddled with scenes of violence, and teenagers imitate what they see on the television, unaware Of the effects Of acting violently. The rating System used for television programs does not do much in regulating viewers and n fact lack any serious form of content control. Teenagers have access to such programs and movies regardless of whether meant for adult viewers or not. Pointy (2006) reports that most violent movies are rated PEG-13.

PEG-1 3 implies that a program or movie is unsuitable for viewers under the age of 13 but a close view of the movies suggest that they are only suitable for adults. Parents are easily duped into believing that there is no harm in allowing their children to watch such television shows and movies; producers argue that their movies cannot influence human behavior. – Such reasoning misleads nonusers, since teenage minds are susceptible to what they watch on television. A number of incidents have been noted where a teenage student carried a handgun into school and used it on his fellow students.

The media and the kinds of images that children are exposed to on the internet, action movies on television and video games heavily influence many of such incidents (Pointy, 2006) *****Concerns that the media has the effect on attitudes, values and behavior especially the young, lower class and uneducated. The effects of the electronic media, that is, TV shows, violent films, video games. One of the says in which the media creates crime and deviance in society is through imitation. Bandeau ( ), observed that, the media provides the audience with deviant role models resulting in copycat behavior.

A relevant illustration comes from the violent movies such as Rumba and The Avengers in which the main actors are portrayed as the heroes fighting against the villains. The impression given by such movies is that violence is a desirable especially when one can get away with it. Moreover, viewing of violent imagery leads to arousal, that is, it cultivates a fascination and a desire to engage In violent activities, for example, video games and movies that show explicit and excessive graphics..

Music is also considered a negative influence on young people and has a large impact on their emotions. Certain types Of music for example hip-hop music, glorifies advocates for violence. Many artists need to capture or appeal to a certain target audience and thus they rap about killing, guns, violence and debasing women. The number of teenagers who listen to such music is on the rise. The lyrics of the songs in this genre have contributed to the violent nature of the teenagers. The music videos produced by the artists also contain very violent scenes.

Black American Hip Hop culture, which is influenced by the music icons Mine, 50 Cent and 2 Pace who was gunned down use crude and violent lyrics which portray an image of gang culture within their music. This is heavily influential over youths, listening and dolling these particular people for example, artists are branded are “cool” and likable if they show guns and violence in their videos. Teenagers in an effort to become “cool” too are copying what these artists are doing on television.

This has affected and influenced teenage behavior negatively *****The media is responsible for transmitting knowledge of crime techniques which are readily available on the internet, television programs, and handbooks that contain full instruction on how to accomplish a particular task. Although, most of these mediums intend to be educational, this knowledge can actually be innovated and used to commit crime, for example, *****One factor such as the labeling perspective which focuses on the social reaction to crime and deviance are also an important source for deviant behavior.

The phenomenon focuses our attention to what occurs and how the individual is influenced after being labeled. The phenomena of being labeled shows how ones actions when meet with disapproval result in persons taking on a primary identity that could evolve into seeing themselves as deviant, and giving rise to a response favorable to the label and engaging in deviance. Therefore, the labeling theory enables one to record the social reality of attaching a deviant identity to the individual.

It can therefore be eluded that, the media is a strong and influential labeling medium in society hat leads to the creation of criminal and deviant individuals or groups in society. An illustration can be derived from the HERALD ARTICLE 2 OCTOBER 201 3 with the headline, 10000 contract S. T. I in 90 days. The newspapers’ sensitizes the issue and mainly identified Great Zombie University Mash Campus as the source of contraction. The paper went further to label the students as prostitutes as it assumed that students where engaging in commercial sex.

Thus, the implication of such a conclusion or label is that, the society views Great Zombie University and tertiary institutions at large s havens for prostitution. This can also lead to the self -fulfilling prophecy whereby the individuals assumes the said label. Therefore, the media is responsible at creating deviants as it is successful in labeling individuals as deviants. ****Mental illness is a broad topic of discussion and in many cases the media plays a major role in how people gain knowledge about it. There is an idea that there is a link between mentally ill people and deviance and in particular violent crime.

It is popular to that people who commit violent crimes are mentally unbalanced. An analysis of 500 homicides in the sass in England and Wales illustrated that over two fifths of offenders (44%) had actually been mentally ill at some point in their life. Furthermore 14% had symptoms of mental illness during the time of offence; finally that 8% had been in touch with mental health services before offence (Newbury, 2007:846). Irving Coffman states that mental illness carries a stigma, it is “an attribute that is deeply discrediting” (Marsh, 2006: 397).

When someone is labeled as mentally ill it can dramatically change their lives. It is true to say that mentally ill people do commit crimes just as people who are to. However, the media has over exaggerated the crimes and society now portrays mental illness as a deviant. The media’s role has intensified the problem of mental health as a deviance. The National Confidential Inquiry into Suicide and Homicide by people with Mental Illness found that the media portrays an incorrect two thirds of mentally ill people as violent.

The media has the power to influence people that mental illness is different from the norm, it is deviant and has no place within society, and in fact it disrupts society. However the media here is a deviant by creating this delusion and causing panics and fuelling hate crimes towards mentally ill and in turn making them withdraw from society. From the aforementioned, the influence of media cannot be undermined. *** ** Various forms of media are also responsible for showing sex and nudity.

Access to such explicit content by teenagers especially through images aired on television and various pornographic sites on the internet have very serious effects. It is common routine to see pictures and images of naked women on music videos and websites, which are easily accessible to teenagers. This may lead to undesirable and unsafe sexual practices resulting in early pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases (Sunken, Cope and Bible, 1999). When the media provides depicter of sex without consequences or boundaries, teenagers are prone to initiate sexual activity earlier, more often and in a variety of ways.

Robin Morgan ( ) states that, ‘Pornography is the theory; rape is the practice,” wrote the feminist author. In 1 986, a federal commission concurred, some kinds of pornography, it concluded, are bound to lead to increased sexual violence. Indianapolis passed a law allowing women to sue producers or sexual assaults caused by material depicting women in positions of servility or submission or display. Moreover, these sexually explicit materials portray sex as an act of pleasure rather than for procreation, hence, this leads people to engage in multiple sexual partners and also creates a deviant behavior in the youth.

Thus, the mass media, and internet are instrumental in the creation Of crime and deviance. Furthermore, there is some dispute about the implications of amplification amongst sociologists. Some argue that the media do actually create more evince through their reporting, whilst others argue that the incidence of deviance doesn’t increase, it is just the sensational reporting of the press that makes it look like there is an increase.

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