Sociology Paper

Sociology Paper

A disaster is classified as “an actual or heartened accidental or uncontrollable event that is concentrates in time and space, in which a society, or a relatively self-sufficient subdivision of a society undergoes severe danger, and incurs such losses to its members and physical appurtenances that the social structure is disrupted and the fulfillment of all or some of the essential functions of the society is prevented. ” (Fischer) There are 10 disaster scale categories ranging from an everyday emergency to a simultaneous massive disruption and adjustment of a society.

These will all be covered by the analysis of the following 5 films; The Day After Tomorrow, 01 2, Beasts of the Southern Wild, The Impossible, and The Titanic. All of these movies did very well at the box office but only a few were accurate in the portrayal of disastrous events. The first film, The Day After Tomorrow, is a 2004 science fiction disaster film written, directed, and produced by disaster film alumni Roland Numeric. Numeric specializes in disaster movies but also specializes in sensationalism. “The plot depicts the worst case scenario of the effects of global warming including extreme weather and the beginning Of a new ice age.

The protagonist is Jack played by Dennis Squad who studies paleontology’s in Antarctica. Jack witnesses ice shelves breaking and warns the world at a United Nations conference of the rapid movement of global warming. The ocean temperature begins to drop considerably. Almost instantly, violent weather causes massive destruction across the world. New York City gets completely flooded as Jack’s son struggles to survive with a group of friends. The United States is evacuated as people head to Mexico. Eventually, Jack travels up to New York to save his kid.

The movie concludes as Jack finds his kid and is rescued to a safe place in Mexico. ” (Numeric) Ultimately, the movie is entertaining but very bad. The visuals of the disaster events are the only thing keeping the film afloat. The science in the movie is completely fiction hence the genre. The movie’s agenda was to keep people aware of the dooming effects of global warming on the earth. It’s basically like taking AY Gore’s fears of the inevitable in An Inconvenient Truth and making them a reality all in one day. Seeing the ice shelves break in person startled Jack into thinking the end of the world would be coming soon.

A domino effect of natural occurrences led to the eventual destruction of the northern part of the United States. The polar ice melting deed to changes in the ocean’s Water level and current. This led to enormous tidal waves causing massive floods in New York City. Also, extreme weather events occurred throughout the world due to rapid changes in the Earth’s atmosphere. All of these events are fairly likely to occur one day, but not the day after tomorrow. The climate is something that shifts very gradually no matter what happens to affect it. Therefore, the disastrous events are impossible to occur all at once. The type of disaster was natural and can be classified as a massive disruption and adjustment in a large city. ” (Fischer) Before New York City being completely flooded by a tidal wave and freezing to deathly cold temperatures everything was normal for Jack and his son Sam. Jack discovered the threat 2 days before it occurred and tried to warn the world about it. This is similar to how AY Gore used his resources to try to warn the world about the effects of global warming. Very few people believed Jack and people are finally starting to believe AY Gore.

This was the pre-impact period. The impact period was extremely severe as a tidal wave swept across the city killing lots of people. Sam and his friends escaped to the library. The vie only focused on this group of people therefore that is all that can be analyzed. Sam outruns a wave of lethal instant freeze and survives the extreme cold by burning books. This is where the movie got ridiculous. Outrunning the cold is one of the dumbest ideas have seen in movies. In the immediate post-impact period, Sam has to confront the fact that he must stay warm and find food.

Ultimately, he survives just long enough for his dad to come rescue him and call for a helicopter to bring them to safety. This is sensationalism at its finest. The movie ends before the recovery and reconstruction periods begin. Sam and Jack fly to Mexico to accompany the survivors to start a new life in a new world. The second film to be analyzed is another entertaining stinker by Numeric titled 2012. This film was based on the myth of the Amman calendar. The Amman calendar ended in the year 201 2, so naturally this would mean the end of the world would occur in 2012.

The plot follows Jackson Curtis, played by John Sack, and his attempt to save his family from the multiple catastrophic events that occur all at the same time. “Scientists discover that neutrinos from a massive solar flare from the sun are causing the temperature of the Earth’s ore to increase rapidly. Learning this, the United States government does not inform the public in order to prepare for the worst because of a fear of chaos, panic, and disorder. They build arks to live in once the inevitable destruction occurs.

This gives normal citizens like Jackson and his family no warning of the events and no chance to survive. Jackson overhears his billionaire boss’ kid say something about the end of the world, so on impulse he rents a plane. Los Angels erupts in a 10. 9 magnitude earthquake destroying the entire city. Jackson flies to Yellowstone park to retrieve a map when the Caldera erupts. Tsunamis and earthquakes continue to destroy the world. Jackson’s map tells him that the arks built for surviving these events were in China. Jackson and his family sneak onto the ark and that is where the movie concludes. (Eminence) The science in this film is also completely false and everything is sensationalists. Solar flares do occur, but they cannot heat up the earth’s core rapidly enough for any of these disastrous events to occur in the immediate future. “The type of event that occurred is natural and the scale of it is the worst possible one, the simultaneous massive disruption and adjustment of a society. (Fischer) The pre-impact period deals with the response of the rich and powerful people in the world who knew of the occurrence prior to the events happening.

The top governments across the globe decided to prepare for the end of the world by building arks to save a selected few. Therefore, normal people like Jackson had very little chance Of surviving. This part of the movie is intriguing because cannot tell if its realistic or not. If the government knew the world would end in a couple of years, would they inform the public knowing chaos would ensure. I believe the movie is accurate in thinking that the government would do everything in TTS power to shield the public of this knowledge. The impact period is where the movie lost me.

Yes it is very entertaining to watch a massive volcano erupt along with magnitude 10 earthquakes and killer tsunamis. However, watching Jackson escape all of these events is ridiculous. Literally hundreds of millions of people instantly perish yet Jackson is skipping across the world unharmed. It’s incredible how everyone in his immediate family survives but every minor character they meet on their journey dies in a crazy fashion. The immediate post-impact period occurs after Jackson survived the first earthquake and had o deal with the reality Of inevitable doom.

He performed miracles to save his family. The movie ends with the ark sailing away, narrowly missing a collision with Mount Everest. There was no recovery period in the film because everything was destroyed and normalcy could not possible be restored. I can speculate that the reconstruction period took place after the supplies on the ark were used up and the people were forced to depart the ship. The final 3 movies to be analyzed, deal with real life events and real life situation, all of which are signs of a good movie. Beasts of the Southern Wild is a film directed by Been Zeitgeist that depicts he childhood of a young girl in poverty named Hosepipe and her father as they struggle to survive and battle the elements in a fictional Louisiana bayou community called the Bathtub. The father, Wink, was played by a man who lived through Hurricane Strain and dealt with the horrors of the disaster first hand. This movie related to Hurricane Strain directly as can be seen by the plot. Hosepipe is very young and can barely fend for herself while Wink is aging and very unhealthy.

The residents of the Bathtub start fleeing due to the threat of an oncoming storm, like Hurricane Strain. Wink has too much ride in his homeland and too much confidence in his ability to survive anything. That combined with the fact that they are extremely poor and moving is nearly impossible for them, leads to Wink barricading his home before the storm hits. This again sounds like what happened in New Orleans. Wink and Hosepipe survive the storm and flood and create a make-shift boat to tout their homeland looking for survivors. The remaining residents celebrate their survival and make plans to rebuild.

This is complicated when everything begins to die due to the high amount of salt water being brought in by the storm. Wink attempts to save the Bathtub by destroying the levee and draining the water out of the community. The authorities respond to this by detaining the survivors of the storm and migrating north. Wink is brought to a hospital where his health deteriorated rapidly. The Bathtub residents escape from the authorities and return home. This is where Hosepipe witnesses her father’s last breath and the movie Besides the storm survival, the other major theme of the film is the father and daughter relationship.

The fathers goal was to teach his kid how to survive on her own. The movie ends with this theme as Hosepipe is believed to be a survivalist even at her pre-teen age. This film was nominated for Best Picture and was made with an extremely low budget. It is very realistic because it is almost directly based on the vents following Hurricane Strain. Math type of disaster witnessed was a natural one and it can be described as a massive disruption and adjustment in a rural area. “(Fischer) The pre-impact period occurred when the Bathtub residents heard of the storms arrival.

Many fled town knowing of the possible catastrophes. The main characters, just like most of the people in New Orleans, stayed during the storm for many different possible reasons. Wink traded because he believed in never abandoning his home. This was a sense of pride for him. He may not have good health, or education, or possessions, but his home was something sacred and something nobody could mess with. Therefore he barricaded his house and understood that it was going to flood. He was a survivalist to the extreme. The impact period left everyone in shock.

There was only a handful of survivors and help was nowhere in sight. The united States government actually had no idea people were living in the Bathtub area. The flood was dramatically terrible and their environment was permanently destroyed. The immediate post-impact period is where the survivors confronted reality. The residents had their homes and they had food. That’s all a survivalist needs to survive. Wink decided to continue to stay put and tough out the effects of the storm. The recovery period never occurred because nobody offered to help the residents and the salt was causing everything to die.

The Bathtub was becoming uninhabitable because there was no longer a safe, stable food source. Wink attempted to reconstruct the community by blowing up the levees and draining out the water. This would have worked, but the residents were discovered by the local overspent and detained since they were not allowed to live there. Eventually, the community members escaped back to the desolate Bathtub where Wink died in his home and Hosepipe was forced to carry the torch and grow up alone. The idea of not fleeing one’s home is very interesting to me. Understand how sacred a home is, and being told to flee is very difficult. It is hard to fault the people who stayed during Hurricane Strain. Would have been one of the people still there because have confidence in my ability to survive. However, when someone is old or incapable of surviving extreme events, they are always saying “why didn’t they just leave? ” They didn’t because it is not easy under their circumstances and abandoning one’s home is heart breaking. The next film is also based on an actual event in our recent history. The Impossible starring Mean McGregor was based on the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami.

The Story begins with a family on Christmas holiday in Shako Lack, Thailand. “An earthquake in the Indian Ocean causes a massive tsunami with overwhelming destructive power. The family of four is swept away and they lose each other in all of the chaos. The father Henry spends the entire movie coking for his family who has been brought to a hospital to deal with their fairly serious injuries. To be brief, he reunites with his family at the hospital where they were all injured but alive. Survivors of the tsunami are amazed at how accurate the film depicts the disastrous events.

The earthquake that led to the tsunami was the 3rd largest earthquake ever recorded at a 9. 2 on the Richter scale. The event triggered more earthquakes as far as Alaska. ” (Banana) “The type of disaster was a natural disaster and the scale can be described as a massive disruption and adjustment in a town or rural area. (Fischer) Unfortunately there was very little preparation during the pre-impact period. Everyone was carrying on with their normal daily routines. The impact period involved the massive waves destroying the rural area leading to its annihilation.

In the movie, this is where the chaos began as the protagonist’s family had been torn apart. This was followed throughout the rest of the movie with Henry struggling to survive and locate his loved ones. The immediate post-impact period was the most terrifying part of the whole event for Henry. He had to confront the fact that by going on this vacation, he may eave killed his entire family. I would have a difficult time trying to cope with this new reality. Henry becomes a desperate man who eventually gets the ultimate reward of realizing his family is safe and alive.

The recovery period was not observed in the film, but in real life the recovery period was slow. ” Debris had to be cleaned up and humanitarian aid totaling -?$4 billion was sent to the area. There were over 200,000 deaths so the return to normalcy never really occurred. ” (Sheer) The reconstruction period is still going on because of the scale and scope of this disastrous event. The final film being analyzed is another based on real events. The film is Titanic directed by James Cameron and starring Leo Didactic as Jack and the love interest Rose is played by Kate Winglets.

Since most individuals have seen this movie, will sum it up briefly. “A state of the art humongous ship named the Titanic crashed into an iceberg and sank into the ocean. Pure chaos ensued as people scrambled to get onto lifeboats. Both Jack and Rose are a part of the bunch of people who are forced to wide with the ship as it sinks since there were no more lifeboats remaining. Rose had several chances to lee, but her love for Jack prevented this from occurring. They were both floating on pieces of the ship but Jack, being in the water, died of hypothermia.

Rose was rescued by another lifeboat and brought to safety in New York City. ” (Cameron) This movie is known more for its romantic jargon than its interpretation of the disaster event. “The disaster is a technological one as it could have been prevented by spotting the iceberg in time. The catastrophe in scale is a severe emergency. ” (Fischer) Although it is a tragic event, it did not affect anybody outside of the boat which is why it isn’t higher up on the disaster scale. The pre-impact period can be described as negligence. The crash was sudden and most of the people aboard the ship had no idea what was happening.

This made the impact period very severe. People scrambled to jump onto lifeboats in pure desperation. After the crash, during the immediate post impact period, many people were aware that they were going to die. The recovery period was nearly impossible with the ship being at the bottom of the ocean. Reconstruction to this day is taking place as replicas are being made for cruise purposes as well as for museums. This was indeed a tragic event, but he scale of which is minute compared to the other disasters I’ve analyzed thus far.

TO conclude, it is important for me to observe that all Of these disasters had tiny windows to prepare for normal individuals. Most disasters are a sudden shock. His gives people less time to prepare leading to more casualties and destruction. Ultimately, if and when a major disaster should occur in our homeland, no matter what the scale, it would be highly beneficial to know about it prior to the actual occurrence. This would lead to drastically different results in terms of casualties as people’s ability to survive would skyrocket.

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