Sociology Paper

Sociology Paper

In fact, shopping expenditures from the Mainland Chinese alone contributed to 6% of Hong Songs GAP in 201 1 (South China Morning Post, 2012). Adopting the conflict theorist perspective, social order is maintained by domination, with power in the hands of those with the greatest political, economic and social resources (Bryn & Lie, 2007). In the time when Hong Kong was still much more economically dominant over Mainland China, the Hong Congers were considered more powerful and privileged, since they were often the employers and investors in Mainland China.

However, the recent economic boom in China has caused a change. In the article, Chinese women are crossing over to Hong Kong to deliver their babies so that their babies would get automatic Hong Kong permanent stridency, entitling them to a whole spectrum of benefits. This is an epitome of the subordinate class trying to increase their advantages. The outcry from the Hong Congers, as the incumbent privileged class, shows how they will try to maintain their advantages and prevent the subordinate class from gaining advantages that should only be entitled to them.

The resulting effect of the class struggles is social instability, as shown by the huge protest turnout on the anniversary of the Handover of Hong Kong to China in 2012 (The New York Times, 2012), frequent Mainland Chinese-Hong Conger conflicts (TIME, 01 2), and huge public outcry asking the current Chief Executive of Hong Kong, who is believed to be backed by the Chinese, to step down (South China Morning Post, 2012).

From the symbolic interaction’s point of view, people help to create their social circumstances and do not merely react to them, and that an adequate explanation of social behavior requires the understanding of the subjective meanings people attach to their social circumstances (Bryn & Lie, 2007). These Chinese women, having grown up in China before the economic boom, believe that Hong Kong is a better place to grow up in and see the value that a

Hong Kong permanent residency can give their children. They are taking a proactive role in changing the social circumstances that their children will grow up in by having their children in Hong Kong rather than China. On the other hand, Hong Congers place value on the fact that they are distinct from Mainland Chinese and want this distinction to be maintained. Similar to the conflict theorist perspective, these Hong Congers want to preserve their advantages and class boundaries.

Hence they are seeking political power to create a social circumstance that prevents Chinese women from having children in the territory. In conclusion, the conflict and symbolic interaction theories offer different perspectives on the actions of the Chinese and Hong Congers. Even though these actions may be rationally explained and justified, believe there are other forces in place in determining whether Chinese women should be allowed to have children in Hong Kong or not, such as politics, culture and race.

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