Sociology of Sports Midterm Guide

Sociology of Sports Midterm Guide

Sociology of Sport Study Guide Interrogating Excellence Chemicals, “The Inhumanity of Excellence: An Ethnographic Report on Stratification and Olympic Swimmers. ” “Excellence”- “consistent superiority of performance” What does NOT produce excellence Excellence is not the product of socially deviant personalities Quantitative changes in behavior Natural talent or ability What does it come from Qualitative differentiation More of what is done than how long 3 dimensions of difference Technique Discipline Attitude Stratification in sports is discrete, not continuous Qualitative jumps

Better coaching, technique, etc. Several worlds, not a hierarchy Several worlds- each w/ own patterns of conduct Horizontal differentiation “sliding down” is difficult Techniques learned and habituated and thus don’t deteriorate b/c hard to digress from previous patterns of behavior Attitudes and competitiveness also learned and not forgotten Hotshots not welcome at the country club Talent?

Attributed to athletic success after the fact Difficult to measure Fails as an explanation Other factors better explain success more precisely It is indistinguishable from its effects Amount of talent seems low Hard Work? Attributing to this common- quantitative changes bring success only vi/in levels Believe top athletes to unbelievable things; superhuman Caldwell, “Chapter One: The Matthew Effect” Self-fulfilling Prophecy Morton: a situation where “a false definition in the begin inning… Evokes a new behavior which makes the original false conception come true” Here, “false definition” is regarding who is the “best” Of these 9&10 year Olds but the way they treat those “all stars” ends up making the original false judgment look correct Matthew Effect Those deemed “successful” are more likely to be given special opportunity for success Accumulative advantage Start out a little better that little difference leads to out a little better, that little difference leads to opportunity that makes that difference a bit bigger, and that edge turns into another opportunity and so forth-?until the hockey player (in this instance) is a genuine outlier (but it didn’t start that way) Caldwell System is not efficient, squanders talent Personalize success, miss chances to lift others up Sports, Colonization, and Youth Culture Oakley, “Play vs. Organized Competitive Team.

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