Sociology of Education

Sociology of Education

Sociology Of education is a field that focuses on two separate levels Of analysis. At a macro-level, sociologists work to identify how various social forces, such as politics, economics, culture, etc. , creates variation in schools. In other words, what effects do other social institutions have on the educational system? At a micro-level, sociologists look to identify how variation in school practices lead to differences in individual-level student outcomes.

That is, when schools have different teaching methods or have different practices, how does that affect the individual students and what are the individual outcomes? Example of Sociological Studies on Education A classic study by sociologist James Coleman done in 1 966, known as the “Coleman Report” looked at the performance of over 1 50,000 students and found that student background and socioeconomic status were much more important in determining educational outcomes than were differences in school resources, such as per pupil spending.

He also found that socially disadvantaged black students benefited and did better in school when they were in racially mixed classrooms rather than black only classrooms. This ignited controversy that still continues today. Major Sociological Theories of Education Like any other topic in sociology, the three major theoretical perspectives (functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interaction theory) each have different views on education. The functionalist perspective argues that education serves many important functions in society. First, it socializes children and prepares them for life in society.

This is not only done by teaching “book knowledge,” but also teaching the society culture, including moral values, ethics, politics, religious beliefs, habits, and norms. Second, education provides occupational training, especially in industrialized societies such as the United States. Unlike in less complex societies or in the United Sociology Relations Society By meagerness Standstill The Relative Educating;, is a social Inca arithmetic, as w ethics. Education pre tort tot social? Action Zoology of educate nanny’s; At a macro educational system? Variation in school p 0′ . Romeos. Is, the Individual outcry “Conman Report” 10 chat student Important In deluder school resources, us d;advantaged black ignited controversy I Like any doffer topic (naturalism’s, condo children and prepare. Teaching “book know education provides CNN as the united S States prior to 1 900 when most jobs and training were to son, most jobs in the united States today require at II education, and many professions require a college or apt The third function that education serves, according to if is social control, or the regulation of deviant behavior.

E people to attend school, this keeps them off the streets The symbolic interaction view of education focuses on IR schooling process and the outcomes of those interaction interactions between students and teachers can create parts. The teacher begins to expect certain behaviors FRR urn can actually create that very behavior. This is called expectancy effect. ” For example, if a White teacher expel perform below average on a math test when compared over time the teacher may act in ways that encourage TTT get below average math scores.

Conflict theory looks at and disruptive aspects of education. These theorists rag unequally distributed through society and is used to safe on class, gender, or race). Educational level is therefore producing and reproducing inequality in our society. Deed according to conflict theorists, can also be used as a too such as when potential employers require certain dug may or may not be important for the job. It discriminate working-class people, and women -? those who are after least likely to have credentials because of discriminator educational system.

The sociology of education is the SST institutions and individual experiences affect education Educational Sociology and Sociology of Education are t” that are sometimes understood as one and the same BRB actually not so. They indeed show some differences bet’ comes to the subjects of their study and the nature of t’ On the other hand educational sociology is the branch c tit the various methods providing better education to depth research of our culture and society.

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