Sociology of Crimes Review Questions SET A

Sociology of Crimes Review Questions SET A

Gilt’s reuse Area means 3. Guilty by act means 4. If physiological or psychological dependence on some agent are obviously detected from a person, he is in the State of A. Dependency or addiction B. Comatose C. Insanity D. Metamorphosis 5. Which of the following is described as the threatening behaviors, either verbal or physical, directed at others A. Abnormal itty B. Dependency C. Aggression D. Violence 6. What aggressive behavior includes repeated noncompliance to a direct command, verbal abuse-name calling, verbal abuse-threat, and physical abuse? A. Interactive B. Isolated C. Covert D. Overt 7.

What aggressive behavior includes urging/swearing, intentional destruction of property, and self destructive behaviors? A. Isolated D Covert Interactive Overt 8. What aggressive behavior includes the emotional and cognitive components of aggression such as anger and hostility? A. Covert B. Dynamic C. Interactive D. Directive 9. When there is an apparent, intentional, and physically aggressive act irrespective of severity against another person, there is A. Battering B. Assault C. Chaos D. Crisis 10. What kind of assault committed when it includes kicking, punching deliberately throwing an object and drawing a lethal weapon against someone?

A. Mental B. Physical C. Sexual D. Verbal 1 1 -Allege means A. Assert or make an accusation B. Remove from its position C. Direct an act from doing D. Intentional mutilation 12. What do you call measures other than judicial proceedings used to deal with a young person alleged to have committed an offense? A. Rehabilitation B. Alternative measures C. Individual response against bad behavior D. Extra judicial 13. What do we call the psychological, emotional and proceedings behavioral reactions and deficits of women victims and their inability to respond effectively to repeated physical and psychological violence?

Woman Menopausal Syndrome B. Battered Woman Syndrome C. Violence against women D. Management Rule 14. What is the theory that tumors and seizures have been associated with aggression and violent behavior? A. Brain lesion theory B. Conspiracy theory C. Neurotic Mind theory D. Dementia praecox 1 5. A term used to describe a clinical condition in young children who have received non-accidental, inexcusable violence or injury, ranging from minimal to severe or fatal trauma, at the hand of an adult in a position of trust, generally a parent or guardian Battered Child Syndrome means: Incapacitated Child Syndrome

Abuse Trauma Syndrome None of these 16. When we say capital offense, it a very serious crime, for which the death penalty is imposed B. The highest penalty for selected offenses C. Total punishment of offender by incarceration D. All of the above 17. At trial, the authenticity of an item as evidence is crucial, whether it be a physical object like a bullet, a medical record or a photograph. The item cannot be offered in court without a testimonial sponsor who can vouch for its unaltered authenticity to the court and the jury. To validate an items unaltered authenticity, a record must be kept of each and every time the item hangers hands.

This refers to A. Records management B. Presentation of evidence in court C. Chain of custody D. Laboratory analysis of items 18. The negligent treatment or maltreatment of a child by a parent or caretaker under circumstances indicating harm or threatened harm to the child’s health or welfare is known as A. Child Abuse B. Child Neglect C. Child Dilemma D. Child in conflict with the law 19. The exchange of sexual favors for money or other material goods without any emotional involvement involving a person under the age of 18 years is called A. Child prostitution B. Child trafficking C. Both A and B are correct D.

Both A and B are wrong 20. An abuse that is kept secret for a purpose, concealed, or underhanded is called A. Clandestine abuse B. Clinical abuse C. Overt abuse D. Abuse of authority 21 A false belief based on an incorrect inference about external reality and firmly sustained despite clear evidence to the contrary, and which is not related to cultural or religious beliefs A. False alarm B. Wrong perception C. Incoherence D. Delusion 22. Which of the following is an act committed by a juvenile for which an adult could be prosecuted in a criminal A. Adult offense court? B. Status offense C.

Delinquency offense D. Children in conflict with the law 23 Anything that has been used, left, removed, altered or contaminated during the commission Of a crime by either the suspect or victim is part of B. Modus operandi C. Recidivism D. Preservation of crime scene person, as a legal penalty, is called B. Execution C. Murder D. Capital punishment A. Evidence 24. Generally, putting to death a A. Infliction 25. Among the following, what is the form of abuse where the use of the victim is for selfish purposes and or financial gain? A. Verbal Abuse B. Exploitation C. Racketeering D. Shootings 6.

The most common legal grounds for termination of parental rights, also a form of child abuse in most states. Sporadic visits, a few phone calls, or birthday cards are not sufficient to maintain parental rights. A. Exploitation B. Abuse C. Neglect D. Abandonment 27 . Which of the following is defined as acts or omissions by a legal caretaker that encompasses a broad range of acts, and usually requires proof of intent. A. Abuse B. Exploitation 28. The phase of a delinquency hearing similar to a “trial” in adult criminal court, except that juveniles have no right to a jury trial, a public trial, or bail.

A. Acquittal B. Conviction C. Adjudication D. Entertainment 29. Any of the processes involving enforcement Of care, custody, or support orders by an executive agency rather than by courts or judges. A. Criminal procedure B. Administrative procedure C. Summary procedure re D. Trial 30. A legal relationship between two people not biologically related, usually terminating the rights of biological parents, and usually with a trial “live-in” period. Once it is finalized, the records are sealed and only the most compelling interests will enable disclosure of documents.

A. Adoption Foster parenting Common law relationship Brotherhood 31 . What is the legal doctrine establishing court as determiner of best environment for raising chi lid which is an alternative to the parents patria Doctrine? A. Rights Of Society B. Miranda Doctrine C. Best interest of the Child Rule D. Parental Obligation 32. What was the case that allowed second prosecution in adult court for conviction in juvenile court which was based on idea that first conviction was a “civil” matter? A. Case Law B. Breed v. Jones C. Miranda v. Arizona D. Matt v. Jeff 33.

The Law established by the history of judicial decisions in cases decided by judges, as opposed to common law which is developed from the history of judicial decisions and social customs. 34. The filing of legal papers by a child welfare agency when its investigation has turned up evidence of child abuse. This is a civil, rather than criminal, charge designed to take preventive action, like appointment of a guardian for at-risk children before abuse occurs. A. Child prosecution B. Child protection action C. Parents Patria D. Preliminary investigation 35.

The act of being responsible for enforcing child support obligations is known as A. Child’s care B. Parental Guidance C. Child at risk D. Child support 36. A court order for placement in a secure facility, separate from adults, for the rehabilitation of a juvenile delinquent. A. Summon B. Subpoena C. Custodial confinement D. Rehabilitation order is anyone under the care Of 37. Someone else. A child ceases to be a dependent when they reach the age of emancipation. A. Delinquent B. Dependent C. Independent D. Recognize 38. At a phase of delinquency proceeding similar to “sentencing” phase of adult trial.

The judge must consider alternative, innovative, and individualized sentences rather than imposing standard sentences. B. Judgment C. Disposition D. Probationary period A. Preliminary investigation 39. The independence of a minor from his or her parents before reaching age of majority is known as Enlightenment B. Recognize C. Emancipation D. Freedom from parental obligation 40. A clause requiring government to treat similarly situated people the same or have good reason for treating them differently. Compelling reasons are considered to exist for treating children differently. B. Equal Protection D.

Diversion A. Bill of Rights 41 . What is the legal doctrine preventing emancipated children from suing their parents? A. Parents Patria Doctrine C. Family Immunity Doctrine D. Poisonous Tree Doctrine 42. What is the legal doctrine holding parents liable for injuries caused by a child’s negligent driving or other actions? A. Family purpose Doctrine Family Immunity Doctrine None of the above “For the Proceeding” 43. Guardian ad elite means: “Protection of child by the lava”‘ children” D. “Legal authority’ C. “Guardians of the little 44. A court order giving an individual or organization legal authority over a child.

A guardian of the person is usually an individual and the child is called a ward. A guardian of the estate is usually an organization, like a bank, which manages the property and sets of a child’s inheritance. Guardians are usually compensated for their A. Guardianship services. B. Order of Authority C. In Loco Parents D. parents patria 45. Teachers, administrators, and babysitters who are viewed as having some temporary parental rights & obligations are considered D. Parents Patria 46. What is the legal doctrine establishing “parental” role of state over welfare of its citizens, especially its children? A. Guardianship 47.

The emergency, temporary custody by a child welfare agency, police agency, or hospital for reasons of immanent danger to the child is called B. Diversion C. Witness protection program D. Protective custody Preventive detention 48. What is the legal doctrine granting custody to the parent whom the child feels the greatest emotional attachment to? A. Psychological Parent B. Maternity C. Paternity D. Parental Selection 49. A disposition requiring a defendant to pay damages to a victim. The law prohibits making it a condition of receiving probation. Poor families cannot be deprived of probation simply because they are too poor to afford it.

B. Surety C. Restitution D. Protection money A Bond 50. An activity illegal when engaged in by a minor, but not when done by an adult. Examples include runny, curfew, running away, or habitually disobeying parents. Adult Offenses B. Minor Offenses C. Status Offenses D. Stubbornness Answer: C 51 -A spouse Of a biological parent who has no legal rights or duties to the child other than those which have been voluntarily accepted. B. Paternity C. Steppe rent D. Foster parent A. Maternity AAA parent who provided an egg, sperm, or uterus with an intent of giving the child up for adoption to specific parties.

A. None of these B. Stepparent C. Foster Parent D. Surrogate Parent 53. What is the legal doctrine that unless the mother is “unfit”, very young children should be placed in custody tit their mother following a divorce? A. Tender Years Doctrine B. Psychological Parent Doctrine C. Unwed Mother’s Doctrine D. Illegitimacy 54. What is declared of a temporary or permanent termination of parental rights in the best interest of the child usually for reasons of abandonment, abuse, or neglect, but also including mental illness, addiction, or criminal record? A. Unfit Parent B.

Psychological Incapacitation C. Mental Disturbance D. Child at risk 55. At refers to the security given for the release of the person in custody of the law, furnished by him/her or a bondsman, to guarantee his/her appearance before any court. Us retry B. Money order C. Conditions D. None of these 56. At refers to the totality of the circumstances and conditions most congenial to the survival, protection and feelings of security of the child and most encouraging to the child’s physical, psychological and emotional development. Best interest of the child B. Rights C. Obligations D. Child’s role 57.

Chider who are vulnerable to and at the risk of committing criminal offenses because of personal, family and social circumstances are considered A Abused Children B. Neglected Children C. Children in conflict with the law D. Children at risk 58. A child who is alleged as, accused of, or adjudged as, having committed an offense under Philippine laws is considered A. Child at risk B. Child in conflict with the law C. Minor offense D. Juvenile offender 59. The apprehension or taking into custody of a child in conflict with the law by law enforcement officers or private citizens is termed as: B. Initial contact C.

Child custody D. All of the above A. Arrest 60. The series of activities designed to address issues that caused the child to commit an offense. It may take the form of an individualized treatment program, which may include counseling, kills training, education, and other activities that will enhance his/her psychological, emotional and psycho-social well-being is called A. Reformation guide B. Intervention C. Diversion D. Welfare procedures 61 . An undertaking in lieu off bond assumed by a parent or custodian who shall be responsible for the appearance in court of the child in conflict with the law, when required is known as A.

Status offense B. None of these C. Recognize D. Bail 62. What is the type of offense committed where there is no private offended party involved? Offense B. Victimless crime Status C. Minor crime D. None Of these 63. What is the doctrine that requires a process of resolving conflicts with the maximum involvement of the victim, the offender and the community? B. Restorative justice C. Reactive justice A. Proactive justice 64. NNE of the following is an act constituting exploitation and sex abuse among children in exchange of any form of incentive. A. Child trafficking B.

Child abuse C. Child prostitution D. Child racketeering 65. Centuries ago, criminal behavior was believed to be the result of evil spirits and demons. Guilt and innocence were established by a variety of procedures that presumably called forth the supernatural allies of the accused. The accused were innocent if they could survive an ordeal, they were guilty if they died at the stake or if omens were associated with them. In the 1 8th century’, this spiritual determination began to give way to: A. The belief that there is no such thing as bad spirits B.

The belief that humans are rational creatures with free will, who seek happiness and pleasure and avoid pain C. The belief that man is a demon and devil D. The belief that man is evolved from the animal ape. 66. Among the following classical thoughts in Criminology is not A. The Classical school of Criminology is spearheaded correct: by Beneath and Bacteria. B. The Classical School of Criminology is an advocate of punishment as a deterrent to crime. C. The Classical School of Criminology argues that criminals were primitive creatures, incapable of living normally in society.

D. The Classical School of Criminology also argued that nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, “pain” and “pleasure’. 67. What school of thought in Criminology challenges the proposition that man has absolute free will to choose be;en good and evil and states that it is not absolute as presumed to be because free will can be diminished by pathology, mental crosiers and other conditions that may instigate personal responsibility? A. Neo-classical School of Criminology B. Positivism C. Hedonistic Calculus D. Radical Criminology 68.

The Classical School of thoughts in Criminology is based on the principle of free will. The positivist thoughts on the other hand is focused on the principle of: A. Darwinism B. Determinism C. Cognitive Functioning D. Conceptual Thinking 69. The Differential Association Theory provides a good illustration of a social learning approach perspective in Criminology Criminal behavior according to this theory is: A. A result of an emotional disturbance B. An inmate quality of goodness or badness C. Learned and not inherited D. An excess of wisdom 70.

What perspective in Criminology probes the situational or environmental action and examines the underlying conditions within the environment that may encourage criminal behavior? A. Psychiatric Criminology B. Psychological Criminology C. Sociological Criminology D. Criminal Anthropology 71 . Len the past, psychologist assumed that they could best understand human behavior by searching for a stable, consistent personality dispositions or traits that exert orderly generalized effects on behavior. Which among the following theory on Criminal Behavior is not consistent with the previous statement?

A. Psychoanalytical Theory B. Strain Theory C. Behavioral descriptions D. Psychological Determination 72. Based on the Lumbago’s works, he classified criminals as: the born criminal, the habitual, the passionate and the criminology. Which of the following statements describe a criminology? A. The morally insane and hysteric criminal B. The impulsive and cruel criminal C. The “weak natures” susceptible to bad examples D. The primitive and atavist 73. Some criminology theorists have linked physical characteristics with personality. Among these theories is William Sheldon Compensation theory.

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