Sociology notes exam

Sociology notes exam

They shape every aspect of our behavior but will always be changing because of new things that we encounter. 4. Microbiology- seeks to understand local international contexts by including participant observations and in-depth interviews. Ex They focus on face to face encounters and the types of interactions between individuals. 5. Microbiology- generally concerned with social dynamics at a higher level of analysis-?across the breadth of society. Statistical analysis is most typical for this type of research.

B: Material Culture- is everything that is a part of our constructed, physical environment, including technology. 7. Ethnocentrism- the belletrist ones own culture or group is superior to there and the tendency to view all other cultures from the perspective of one’s own. Ex: Some believed that non-westerners did not have souls and weren’t human. 8. Ideology- a system of concepts and relationships, an understanding of cause and effect. Ex: Buying a ticket in first class, business class, or coach comes with different amenities.

First class tickets are bought so they don’t have to share restrooms for example with the coach class. If everyone hung out in first class then the system would no longer exist. 9. Cultural relativism- taking into account the difference across cultures without assign judgment or assigning values. With this concept we can understand difference for the sake of increasing our knowledge about the world. Ex: In the US people are expected to make eye contact as a sign of respect, but in China it is considered rude so you generally divert your gaze as a sign Of respect. 10.

Cultural Scripts- modes of behavior and understanding that are not universal or natural. Ex: In some countries young women engaged in and enjoyed casual sex before married and reared children, but in the LIST this finding causes an uproar because people don’t agree with this belief. 1 1. Us Becquerel- the distinct cue Trail values and behavioral patterns of a particular group in society; a group united by sets of concepts, values, symbols, and shared meaning specific to the members of that group distinctive enough to distinguish it from others within the same culture or society.

Ex: Subculture studies was to gain a deeper understanding of individuals and groups who traditionally have been dismissed as weirdoes at best and deviants at worst. – High school cliques may verge on subcultures-?the socks, the band kids, the geeks 12. Values- moral beliefs or abstract cultural beliefs 13. Norms- how values tell us to behave or how they are put into play Ex: Going to the restroom and then having to wash your hands is a norm. 14. Colonization- the process by which individuals internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of a given society and learn how to become a functioning member of society. The main cultural process)// (Learning the culture you are in and learning how to be a human being for your culture) Ex: It’s physiology that prompts you to urinate, but its colonization that tells you where and when to do so. 15. Reflection Theory- the idea that culture is a projection of social tortures and relationships into the public sphere, a screen onto which the film of the underlying reality or social structures of our society is projected.

Ex: People say that there is too much violence in rap music, so hip-hop artists respond by saying that they are just telling it how it is. If they don’t want to hear about violence then they need to fix the violence on the streets that he’s talking about. 16. Self- the individual identity off person as perceived by that same person. 17. L- one’s sense of agency, action, and power. 18. Me- the self as perceived as an object by the “l”; the self as one imagines there perceive one. 19. Other- someone or something outside of oneself. 20.

Generalized Other- represents an internalized sense of the total expectations of others in a variety of settings-?regardless of whether we’ve encountered those people or places before. Ex: It is the perception of the generalized other that keeps you from taking off your pants to more comfortably lounge in the part on hot summer days. 21 . Rationalization- the process by which one’s sense of social values, beliefs, and norms are reengineering, often deliberately through an intense social process that may take place in a total institution.

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