Sociology for Social Care Practise

Sociology for Social Care Practise

The majority of society sees the Nuclear family as 2 parents (Mum and Dad) being married and with at least one child, with Dad being the main financial contributor and Mum Ewing the home maker as popularized by sociologists such as George Morocco (3). This is no longer seen as common place as it once was. Children within this family structure receive strength and stability from both parents and generally have more opportunities due to the financial ease of two parents who both contribute this way to the household.

This has led to varied family types and include but are not limited to extended families, for example, parents that co habit but are not married with close family members helping to raise the children, maybe all living within the same should like grandparents, aunts and uncles working towards common goals such as raising the children and keeping up with household duties. Another family structure that has become more prevalent in recent history is the single parent family where usually it is the single mother, but can also be the father, being the sole care giver to the children both emotionally and financially.

This may become a struggle at times but they are more likely to be closer and work together to solve problems and divide up the household chores. It is thought that less opportunities are available to the child/children u to the financial constraints of having only one income. Leading on from single parent families may be re constituted or step families as over half of marriages end in divorce. This involves two separate families merging to create one new unit. It consists of a new husband and wife and their children from previous marriages or relationships.

There appears to be more conflict due to adjustment periods and differing discipline vies. (1) Also on the rise is same sex families with both parents being of the same gender and sharing all responsibilities of parenting in both the financial and emotional sense. This Truckee is more open to society judgment as this may not be viewed by some as conforming though it is said that children from same sex families fair just as well as those from a nuclear family. (5) There are conflicting ideas on how and why society works the way it does and that if these theories where to be put into fruition society would run in an efficient manner.

Sociology theorist, Tailcoat Parsons believed that order, stability and cooperation in society is based on a stratification system which derives from common values and that individuals will be evaluated and therefore placed in a ranking order. For example, those who perform well will be placed higher in terms Of society values. He also believed that the social system shares certain functional prerequisites which must be achieved in order for the system to function efficiently.

In essence, all roles must be filled by those best able to perform them and he saw this as the father goes out to work and provides all financial support and the mother raises the children and keeps the home. (6) An opposing theory to this is one by Karl Marx who studied and wrote about the theory of conflict which looks at how certain social interactions occur wrought conflict. He believed that social order is maintained by domination, with power in the hands of those with the greatest political, economic and social resources.

This is a catalyst for the ever changing nature of society in which conflict theorists continually challenge the status quo, encourage social change (even when this means social revolution)and believe rich and powerful people force social order on the poor and weak. (2) Kibble Ross is a theorist about death and dying and originally applied these to terminally ill people but realized this could apply to any form of loss suffered by any individual. This may include significant life events such as death of a loved one, divorce, drug addiction, the onset of a disease or chronic illness,as well as many tragedies or disasters.

There are five stages of lose and these are, denial, anger, bargaining depression and acceptance though these may not come in that order nor are all steps experienced by every person but will always experience at least two stages. This may come in a reallocates effect, switching from two or more stages, returning to one or more several times before working through it. 4) The author will now discuss a case study and examine the social perspectives in relation to it. James is a twelve year old boy in foster care. His Mum died when he was six and he has never met his Father.

His Uncle cared for him for a lengthy period of time and when James began to display behaviors, thought to be caused by his grief for his Mum and therefore a lack of a motherly figure, he also found his uncle over bearing and bullying who would hit him regularly. He displayed behaviors such as seeking attention, for example, locking himself in his room and trying to set ire to it and continuous tantrum taking. His uncle spoke with his social worker about his concerns, thinking he may have ADD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) and James was subsequently referred to Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMAS) for assessment.

It was established after a few sessions that James did not suffer from ADD but was still undergoing the grieving process. His social worker deemed his uncle no longer suitable to achieve James’ care needs and his two older sisters took on the responsibility of his care. His sisters were of a young age also, only in heir teens, and found the care of a young boy over whelming and could not manage his behaviors either so after a short period of time James was placed into a foster home but this also broke down due to sexual allegations made against him by his foster careers’ grandchild.

James was then moved to a residential care home where staff worked with him to overcome his emotional and psychological barriers and ease him through his grief. Various therapies were also investigated and he responded well to animal therapy where he interacted with the animals and talked about his concerns and leanings, this also calmed and relaxed him. He was also given the opportunity to express his feelings with staff and respected James’ choice to visit his Mothers grave whist giving him the support he required.

He has now moved on to another foster placement where he is thriving due to the family environment with the emphasis on a matriarchal figure and his sisters also remain a big part of his life as they also have guardianship responsibilities in decisions made about his life. The author recognized, through Kibble Ross, that James was still experiencing grief at the loss of not only his Mum but his uncle, his sisters and his home and this was having a big impact on his behaviors and developmental milestones.

This allowed the author to emphasis and offer the support James required while seeking appropriate external therapies. In conclusion James links with two family structures. The first being the lone parent then going on to be with extended family following his Mother’s death, firstly his uncle then his sisters and also includes his foster families. In line with Marx, conflict occurred when James’ uncle became dominating towards James while he was in a fragile state of mind to which James responded by displaying destructive behaviors.

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