Sociology essay social reality

Sociology essay social reality

Positivism, which claims that the same scientific methods we use in natural science can also be used in social sciences, and believe that social reality is nothing but the social facts, or data that is collected about human actions. Ethnomusicology On the Other hand, believes there is no such thing. TO argue that there are no structural forces shaping human behavior though, is in direct conflict functionalism. Gyms folic interactions would agree with the view that social reality is created through the interactions between people, though not with the statement that there are no social forces shaping human behavior.

Started by Robert Mead, this perspective mainly revolves around the colonization of people, and how our social self is created through shared realities and the exchange of meaningful symbols between individuals. ‘The structural forces’ for this theory would be in the form of the generalized other, which is the organized and general attitudes to which an individual defines themselves, and through colonization we learn what is acceptable and expected from us. The generalized other is a form of social control, and is the way in which community gains control over the actions of individuals.

Though this is not a hard rule, and we do have the freedom of initiative to choose our own specific course, we generally conform to the societal norms of our society. The way in which we learn how to socially conduct ourselves is through the ‘l’ and the ‘me’. The ‘I’ responds to the attitudes of others, and the ‘me’ is the social self and how we act when we know what is expected in a situation. Positivism, coined by Augusta Comet, states that all things in social sciences, like in natural sciences, can be studied and recorded empirically.

It would Greer that social reality is created through interaction, because it can be measured as social facts, in the form of statistics, graphs, and determined through simple cause and effect, along with correlation and causation. Positivism also claims that the behavior of all objects and people are subject to relative laws. Due to this belief positivism would not agree that the statement that are no structural forces shaping human behavior, since it is subject to general laws.

The best argument against positivism is phenomenology. Phenomenology, based Of the work Of Huskers, is a irrespective that believes that sociology should focus only on what appears on the surface of our society as opposed to delving into its depths, claims that positivism leans to far towards determinism, which states that people have no choice in their behavior. It disagrees with positivism, stating that social behavior is not out of our hands, that there are no external forces shaping human behavior, unlike natural science.

Phenomenological think that we have a great degree of freewill, or the ability to make our own choices and decisions, than positivists think. According to this perspective, the best we can do is understand how people, individually, and as a whole Interpret, understand, and place meaning on their social reality. Ethnomusicology is the complete antithesis of positivism, and is mainly concerned with the way people try to make sense of what other people do and say. Most prominently associated with Harold Garfield, it claims that there is no such thing as society.

We all try to understand and interpret human behavior and society by coming up with theories and perspectives to explain our everyday lives, but this quest, according to ethnomusicology is completely futile since there no such thing as society to begin with. This theory does not agree with the statement that social reality is created through interactions between individuals. It doesn’t claim that social reality is created through any other process either; it never existed in the first place. The closest we can come to a ‘social reality’ is a shared understanding during a single encounter between two people. Social reality’ collapses under pressure when both participants in an interaction don’t follow particular arms. The main ethnographically argument against the existence of social realities is that there isn’t any guarantee that all the people in any given situation will hold the same interpretation of what is going on. Functionalism, influenced by the founder of sociology, Mile Druthers, claims that no one can see a society. The best they can do is to see a small part of it at any one time. It states that reoccurring social activity must play a role in the betterment Of that society.

Functionalism uses two main analogies to describe how societies function. First, the organic analogy, says that each organ in an organisms body is like a social institution, or standardized patterns of rule-governed behavior, such as family, education, religion, or political parties. Specialized cells make up organs which all work together for the survival of the organism, just as people with specialized roles make up institutions which work together for the survival of the society. The mechanical analogy, compares institutions to parts in a machine, each part works with all the other parts so the machine will work.

This theory is in direct introduction to the claim that there are no structures shaping human behavior. Parson’s main contribution to this perspective was the notion that for society to function it need four prerequisites to be met. These are adoption, goal attainment, integration, and latency. For these to exist there needs to be a shared understanding, or social reality, between he people within the society so that they can work together to meet the needs of the society. So it is likely that functionalists would agree that social reality is created through the interactions of people.

Please follow and like us:
Haven’t found the essay you want?