Factors affecting power relationships

Factors affecting power relationships

Examine the factors affecting power relationships and division of labor between couples’ Young and Wolcott (1973) took the view of a march of progress outlook on the history of family, they see the family being as improving slowly for the whole family which means it’s becoming more equal and democratic but they argue that this has been a long term trend away from segregated conjugal roles and towards joint conjugal roles and the symmetrical family, by this they mean that the husbands and wives roles are although not identical but they re now much similar for example women now go out to work which could be part time or full time but more commonly part time, men now have to help out with doing the housework and looking after the children, the husbands and wives now spend their free time doing things together rather than with their friends and colleagues from work this shows they are more home- centered.

During their study of the families in London young and Wolcott found that the symmetrical family was more frequent among the younger generation of couples these are the people that are geographically and socially separate and therefore are better off. When Young and Wolcott did their study they saw that ‘young couples who had moved away from Between green and were living a distance from their extended family and their work colleagues were more envisaged to have a symmetrical relationship also Young and Wolcott saw a rise in the symmetrical nuclear family due to the result in major changes that have taken place in the past century which were that women’s position in the workplace changed, that their there were couples living away from the neighborhoods that they grew up in, more genealogy came onto the market and that the standard of living went up significantly.

Sociologists have found that there are other patterns of domestic violence, Wilkinson (1996) found that domestic violence offers and explanation of the different patterns which are that stress on family members which is caused by social inequality then causes domestic violence, Wilkinson approach is good as it shows how social inequality creates stress which then spark conflict and then that’s when the domestic violence kicks in and that’s when families re broken apart, the families that are in lower social classes face a larger hardship and therefore the stress levels are really high, this helps to define the class differences and the impact on the statistics on domestic violence. Miracles-black (1999) found when she did an survey of 16,000 people she estimated that there were around 6. 6 million domestic assaults a year with more than half involving an physical injury as a consequence, she also found that the majority Of victims are women, 99% Of incidents that are committed against women are committed by men and that nearly one in four women have been assaulted by a partner at some time during their relationship and then one in eight repeatedly continued assaulting their partner.

Adobes and Adobes (1979) confirmed this in their research when they did it in Scotland it was based on the police’s and court’s records and interviews with women that are part of the women’s refuges, Adobes and Adobes found that women had been slapped, pushed around, beaten, raped or even killed by their own partners, they also found that when a violent incident occurred they were set if by the husband being questioned by his wife why he was late home from work and he took this as a challenge to his authority. Harnesser (1997) found that on average a women suffers being assaulted over thirty five times before they make a formal report which makes domestic violence the least likely to be reported also the police and prosecutors are hesitant to record a report and investigate or prosecute the cases that are reported to them. The British Crime survey in 2007 say that domestic violence accounts to almost a sixth of al violent crime reported. Coleman (2007) found that women were more prone than men that have experienced ‘intimate violence’ athwart all four types of abuse which are partner abuse, family abuse, sexual assault and stalking.

There has been little shift in the division of labor since there has been an upsurge in the number of women working, Dunne (1999) quarrels that the division of labor endure due to the deeply ingrained gender scripts, these prospect what is set out about the different gender roles men and women re to play in heterosexual couples, Dunne contradicts that with this situation among lesbian couples where gender scripts do not operate to the same extent, Dunne found conformation of symmetry in their relationships then she compared it against heterosexual couples and lesbians, lesbians are more likely to portray their relationship as equal and share the housework and the childcare between them equally, take interest In their partners careers and they would view childcare as a positive thing. Weeks (1999) argues against this as same sex relationships offer a greater promise of quality as the division of labor is open for discussion and agreement and it isn’t based on a patriarchal tradition. Boot (1957) found that there are two types of roles within a marriage those are segregated conjugal roles which are that the male and female have separate role so the male would be the breadwinner and the female would be the homemaker and their leisure activities would be separate as well and the joint conjugal roles which would be the couple would share the tasks such as housework and childcare and their leisure time is spent together.

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