Sociology and A. Primary Group

Sociology and A. Primary Group

Hall, however, contends that there are actually four kinds or zones of personal space. Which zone is most acceptable during an encounter with most of your friends? A. Touching distance b. Public distance c. Social distance d. Personal distance e. Intimate distance 15. Janice is studying abroad in Ghana for a semester. She gets on a bus and discovers that there are no seats. In addition, people are sitting three on top of each other. She finds a place to sit, then a woman with a large bundle and an infant hands her baby to Janice. Janice refuses to take the child until she feels the crowd pressuring her.

What is going on? A) In Ghana, child abduction rates are extremely low so there is no fear of a stranger near a child. B) In Ghana, personal space requirements are very different than in the United States. C) The woman does not want her child. D) The woman is testing Janice to see if she is prejudiced. 16. Which of the following are characterized by long-term, intimate, face-to- face relationships? A. Primary group b. Social aggregate c. Secondary group d. Social category 17. A woman hears the expression “laundering money. ” She goes to the Laundromat, puts detergent and money in the washing machine. She: a.

Is interpreting the phrase literally. B. May be from another culture. C. Does not know the shared understanding of the phrase. D. All of the above. 18. Cody is a member of the L. A. Crisps. The other gangs in his territory are the Bloods and the Satin’s Slaves. Cody feels very antagonistic toward the Bloods and the Slaves. For Cody, these two rival gangs would be considered: A) reference groups B) social networks C) secondary groups D) out-groups E) bureaucratic 3 19. According to Irving Coffman: a. Every human being possesses a self that is forever fragile and vulnerable to embarrassment b. People want to save face c. People collaborate with others to help them save face d. All of the above 20. When you go to a club on Saturday nights, and you meet someone and engage in a conversation with her/him, you are involved in a) unfocused interaction. B) Response cries. C) Slips of the tongue. D) Deviant behavior. E) Focused interaction. 21 . Jacob gets drunk and passes out at a party. His frat brothers take pictures of him and post them on the Internet. Jacob applies to law school and his application is rejected. He finds out the reason he was rejected was because the admissions committee saw the pictures on the Internet.

Sociologically, his is an example of: a. Audience segregation failure. B. Poor judgment on Jacobs part. C. The generalized other. D. Status inconsistency. 22. John graduates from college with a degree in business administration and gets a job with a large firm that audits small businesses that have contracts with the city. While working there, he becomes friends with Dave, who invites him to attend a weekly poker game that becomes a meaningful part of John’s life. Some weeks the game is the only thing John looks forward to. What does this illustrate? A. The absolute distinction between primary and secondary groups b. He AOL-oriented nature of primary groups c. The way that primary’ groups can lead to membership in secondary groups d. The way that secondary-group ties can lead to the close personal ties of primary groups 23. The Solomon Cash experiment in which a group of subjects were asked to compare the length of lines demonstrated that: a. An authoritarian leader can strongly influence group members b. Groups have great power to induce conformity c. The larger the group, the less each member has a sense of individual responsibility d. When people are given a relatively simple task, they are unlikely to conform to a larger group 4 4.

Which of the following best describes the relationship between group size, intimacy, and stability? A. Larger groups, such as families with more than three children, are more intimate than small families-?with one child-?because everyone must look after everyone else. B. Larger groups, such as fraternities, are less intimate than small cliques, but the fraternities are a more stable group. C. Dyads are the most stable and enduring of all social groups. D. Triads are more intimate than dyads because members are working to keep the group together. E. Larger groups are more fragile and less stable than groups of two. . There is a line between civil inattention and rude or evasive behavior. In which of the following has civil inattention crossed over to rudeness? A) You are walking in a shopping mall and avoid eye contact with people walking in the other direction. B) When you speak to your teacher, you glance away from her and stare at a friend. C) As you sit in your assigned seat on an airplane, you smile at the person next to you and then read a book during the entire flight. D) While sitting in the library, you occasionally look up at other students, but most of the time you are dutifully reading your books. None of the above; civil inattention is a sociology phrase for rudeness. 26. Formal organizations: a. Are irrationally designed to achieve their objectives b. Often employ explicit rules, regulations, and procedures c. Are atypical in modern societies d. Never involve legalities and formal procedures e. B and c 27. Which of the following is NOT true regarding the nature of bureaucracies? A. They have come to dominate modern social life, as predicted by Max Weber. B. They are organized in a way that breaks down hierarchies of management so that all members feel a sense of equality with one another. C.

They can be so bound by red tape that their rules impede the purpose of the organization. D. They can be technically effective and efficient.

Please follow and like us:
Haven’t found the essay you want?