Sociology – How does role taking develop?

Sociology – How does role taking develop?

How does role taking develop? D. I. 3 stages – called generalized other d. I. L. 1 child imitates mom . I. 2. Children take roles of others d. I. 3. Children anticipate by influence of others e. What is the self e. I. Composed of: e. I. L . Me- the part of the self-formed through colonization e. I. 2. L- the part that accounts for unlearned spontaneous acts Sections The family 1 . Child’s first exposure to the world a. Think and speak b. Internalize norms beliefs and values c. Form basic attitudes d. Develop a capacity for personal relationships e. Developed self-image 2.

The families social class shapes what we think of ourselves and how others treat us Schools 1. For the first time relationships with other care givers is impersonal a. Rewards and punishments are based on performance rather than affection b. Schools create a feeling of loyalty to something beyond family 2. Underlying the formal goals of school is the hidden curriculum a. The informal curriculum teaches discipline order cooperation and conformity b. Schools teach time management Peer groups 1. Only agent not controlled by adults a. A child belongs to several peer groups 2. Develop give and take relationships a.

Independence from adults is promoted b. Development of self-expression c. Peer groups have more influence than family Mass media 1. Display role models for children to imitate 2. What about violence in mass media? – children a. By age 16 they will have seen 20,000 homicides on TV b. Studies show aggressive programs increase aggression in children Section 4 DE colonization and colonization 1. How does idealization prepare for new learning? 2. People give up old norms, values and behaviors a. Total institutions – places in which people are separated from the rest of society 3. Accomplished in many ways: a.

Replacing personal possessions with standard – issue items b. SE Of serial numbers to ID people c. Loss of privacy d. Denied the use of given names 4. How does colonization begin? A. Once the self-concept has been broken down people adapt new norms values attitude and behaviors – can begin b. Rewards and punishments are used to create a new self-concept 5. Anticipatory colonization a. The process of preparing for new norms a. I. Involves voluntary change.

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