Sociology: Intrinsically inflexible

Sociology: Intrinsically inflexible

Provoke a negative response from workers, no tater how well paid they are, and that discontented workers are not good news for productivity and hence profits Intrinsically inflexible in that it is unable to respond to variable demand, especially once mass markets have been saturated and consumers’ tastes have changed in the direction of more individualized and higher-quality products The break-up of mass markets provided the opportunity to introduce more flexible workers and technologies, which leads to less alienating more skilled work Neo-Forbids An adaptation of Forbids in that it continues to be informed by the original principles of Forbids, e. G.

Nationalization The Forbids character of McDonald’s and other fast-food restaurants is unmistakable since they are ‘based on speed, lower prices and and therefore conform to the three key features of Forbids Involves (a) fragmented work tasks, (b) assembly-line production, and (c) standardized parts and products Ritzier rejected the view that Nationalization is post-Forbids and emphasized its continuities with Forbids. Post-Forbids In this revolution, mass production and its champion, might General Motors, was utterly routed by the Toyota Production System This second transformation transforms not only how we make things, but also how we live ND what we consume.

It is driven by reductions in communication, logistics and information processing costs – reductions stimulates if not caused by the introduction of computers The key word for Post-Forbids is flexibility – the flexible worker (polythene and itinerant); flexible production method (computer assisted) Firms now found it more profitable to produce diverse product lines, appealing to their sense Of taste and fashion Instead Of investing huge amounts of money on the mass production of a single product, firms now need to build intelligent systems of labor and machines hat were flexible and could quickly respond to the whims of the market Computerized product design and manufacture permits organizations to produce customized services at mass-production prices As a result, even large companies are mimicking their smaller competitors: shrinking head offices, removing layers of bureaucracy and concentrating on core businesses Atkinson 1 985 Flexible specialization – flexibility itself tends to combine two rather different forms: Numerical / External flexibility refers to the product demand and relates the popularizing of labor use and thus privileged core workers are ivories from the disadvantaged peripheral workers Functional / Internal flexibility refers to the company’s ability to assign work to a more multi-skilled the workforce which is free from close attachment to a particular job.

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