Sociology – Deviance and crime

Sociology – Deviance and crime

Crime is also known as a deviant act. You can’t carry out a crime without being deviant. Deviance and crime are both mainly created by society. (Becker 1963) had said that ‘social groups create deviance by making the rules whose infraction constitutes deviance. Becker here is saying that there would be no crime or deviance if society had no laws implemented. Deviance is known as a broader category of behavior. It is very difficult to explain what a deviant act is. Different cultures, places and places will consider different acts deviant.

In one society one act may be considered deviant at the time but as time moves forward it may not be considered deviant as people then see it as being a social problem. For example today in Muslim it is considered a deviant and unacceptable act for woman to show any part of her legs past her ankles while today in Ireland it is completely acceptable. Crime can be both a social problem and a sociological problem. While many people may think they are more or less the same this essay will show the difference between the WV. We regard a social problem as a problem which is defined by its members of society.

Specter and Kitties 1987: 75-76) define a social problem as: ‘the activities of individuals or groups making assertions of grievances and claims with respect to some putative conditions. The emergence of a social problem is contingent upon the organization of activities asserting the need for eradicating, ameliorating, or otherwise changing some condition. ‘ In simple terms a social problem is defined with what the current society are concerned about and plea that something should be implemented to solve this social problem. Another example of a social problem may be the media.

This is a good example in today’s society as it is becoming more and more relevant. The media are only ever interested in the so called ‘scandal’ that is happening to people. These media are giving people no private lives any more. There are a range of social problems today from social assaults, psychical and verbal assault, and drug abuse. All of these today are considered now a crime. These are considered a crime today because people in the society saw that they should be sentenced to punishments for these deviant acts. In Hester and Gelling they give a good example of a social problem not being recognized as a problem for years.

It was (Fool, 1977) who showed that until the early asses that physical abuse to children wasn’t noticed as a social problem and was completely acceptable in the society at that time. It was only after the 1 9605 when people began to notice that child abuse was in fact a huge social problem and it was only then that child abuse became a crime. These social problems usually become recognized from many activists such as police, politicians and journalists. However a social problem differs from a sociological problem. A sociological problem’s those which are derived from the concerns which motivate sociological inquiry. Hester and Gelling, 1996). Basically a sociological problem are the problems that’ grasps the attention of sociologists. Furthermore how do we understand crime sociologically? Its only since the asses that sociologists realized that they should study crime and investigate what behaviors forbidden under the criminal legislation, and that is what determines their object or focus of study. (Share et al, ). The most crucial of these concerns to sociologists is that the problem of social order. This raises the question of how society is possible. Sociologists are mainly interested in social order.

As well as understanding social order which involves: social action, cultures changing, mythological debates and many more. In terms of crime sociologically, crime is only interested to sociologists because it raises an interest in investigating the pretext for asking questions sociologically. However this does not motivate sociologists to do something about the problem. Sociologists are more interested in the subject of ‘crime’ and looking at it from a sociological point of view. Most of the common questions raised in crime are what factors cause and what can be done to enemies crime.

For sociologists this creates a sociological investigation in itself. Sociologists also work alongside criminologists. This is because sociologists believe that you can’t investigate crime without looking at the society which involves sociology. Crime is determined on the social institutions of a society. Over time the view of individualism explanation from crime to such theories that stress cultural and social context in where deviance takes place. Mile thrummed who is known as the founder of sociology plays a huge role in investigating crime and deviance sociologically.

Thrummed viewed that society consists of a sense of solidarity. Solidarity consists of shared ways of doing things, behaving and acting. Furthermore deviance is breaking that rule. Thrummed referred to this breaking of solidarity as anomie. As Druthers believed himself crime is inescapable in any society as it is a normal aspect of life. (Thrummed, 1 982) had once said: Imagine a community of saints in a exemplary and a perfect monastery. In it crime as such will be unknown, but faults appear venial to the ordinary person will arouse the same scandal as does normal crime in ordinary omniscience.

If therefore that community has the power to judge and punish it will term such acts criminal and deal with them as such. ‘ Crime is simply a social fact in any part of a society. Even today crime is existent in all types of societies although crime and crime rates may vary in different cultures and countries. Crime rates also tend to be higher in more industrialized areas of the world. According to Duration people in the modern society are more strained than they were in traditional ages. Thrummed believed this because today in the more modern society we have ore choice and freedom towards the modern societies.

Thrummed realized that not everyone within a society would comply with all the norms and values within a society. (Giddiness p.. 207). Thrummed also believed that as well as crime being inevitable in a society but also that deviance can’t be escaped in society. Thrummed has said that deviance fulfils two very important functions. ‘Deviance has an adaptive function’ Giddied, quo.. P. 207. This meant that if a society introduced new ideas and challenges that people within a society would object it, which is deviance. Secondly deviance forms a revision of behavior between good and bad in a society.

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