Sociology – social relationships

Sociology – social relationships

The department of sociology/ anthropology was established in 1 981 in Nepal, under the chairmanship of Chitchat Mishear at TU. Sociology is the youngest of all the social science. The word ‘sociology is derived from the Latin word ‘society’ meaning ‘society and the Greek word ‘logos’ meaning ‘study or science’. Thus, the etymological meaning of ‘sociology’ is the science of society. Sociology is the study of man’s behavior in groups or of the Interaction among human beings of social relationship and the processes by which human group activity takes place.

In general, the major subjects of the sociology are society and human behavior. Therefore, we can say sociology is not only study of man’s behavior, it is the science of society, or of social phenomena, it studies of the relationships between man ND his environment. Sociology is also the scientific study of the structural of socialize and society. Now we may come to conclusion that sociology is concerned with human relationship, its emphasis is on the ‘social aspect Of these relationships. Its real subject matter is social relationship.

The basis of social interaction or social processes is social relationships. Man becomes a social animal only when he enters into social relationship. The different aspects of social life biz. Political in economic are but the expressions of social relationship economic are but the expressions of social relationships. The sociologists attempt to discover the evolution of society, its systems and structures, the development of social institutions and their functions, the customs and rules regulating social relationships, and the phenomena of social change.

Some of the definitions of sociology are given below: 1 . ‘Sociology is the study of human interaction and interrelationship their condition and consequences. ‘ – M. Ginsberg 2. ‘Sociology is the science which attempts the interpretive understanding of social action. ‘ – Max Weber 3. Sociology may be defined as a body of knowledge about human relationships. J. F. Cyber’ 4. Sociology is a body of learning about society. It is a description of ways to make society better. It is a social ethics, a social philosophy. Generally, however it is defined as a science of society. -W. F.

Osborn Sociology is a science Of society Of social relationship, study Of social life, study of human behavior in group, study of social action, forms of social relationship, social groups or social system. On the basis of these definitions we may conclude the science of society and society is the web of social relationship. Thus, sociology is the science which tidies the social relationships that Downloaded from highwayman. Com. NP / -2 happen in the process of interaction and interrelation among individuals in social groups. Therefore, forms of social relationship is the subject matter of society.

Scope of Sociology # V. F. Culbertson: nylon] MFC (Flexible Science) of] swag 5, l;UDF SF” CB/De g’s SF” ;daft ex. . Formalistic School # Quiz]if Ago:halt Golf # l;Ltd t/ Giggle GU{‘ # Forms of social relationship # Special science Synthetic School # ;Food Jiggling . # ;duffel goof{ ? Ink] cog GU{‘ k{ . # ;fifths legs ;food l:yell? SF] cog GU'{xiv . Zilch ;fifths Jill fix? sin ;edge UDF]SF . # doff sly// ;u” tang u/]SF ex. . Nature of sociology: 1 . It is an independent science, not treated as the branch of other science. 2.

Related to other social sciences like economics, political science, psychology, history, anthropology, dealing with the various activities. 3. Aims to get the knowledge of social phenomena and it may apply the proper knowledge for the welfare of human society. 4. It doesn’t deal with each and every events that takes place in the society, rather it tries to make generalization on the basis of the study of some elated events. 5. Silence on the question of value as a discipline, it can’t deal with the problems of good and bad, right or wrong. 6. Based on rationalism and empiricism. 1. There is no one opinion about the scope of sociology. It is difficult to determine just where its boundaries begin and end. It is maintained by some that sociology studies everything and anything under the sun. In the broadest sense, society is the study of human interactions and interrelations, their conditions and consequences. Thus, ideally, sociology has for its field the whole life of man in society. But this is too wide a scope for any science to deal with properly. There are two main schools of though among sociologists on this issue: 1 . Specialist or Formalistic School: 1 .

This group of writers headed by German Sociologist Simile’s view. 2. Simmer demarcates sociology sociology clearly from other branches of social study and confines it to the enquiry into certain defined aspects of human relationship. 3. They regard society as pure and independent. 4. According to Simmer, society is a specific social science which describes, classified, analyses and delineates the form Of social relationship. Bargaining) / ;3 5. Smalls View: The scope of sociology is the study of the general forms of social relationship, behavior and activities, etc. . Max Webber View: Sociology concerned with the analysis and classification of types of social relationship. 7. Sociology studies are specific aspect of social relationships I. E. Their forms in their abstract nature, and not in any concrete situation. Bottle’s example 8. If school has limited scope of sociology to the abstracted study of the forms of social relationships. Criticism of Formalistic School: 1. It has narrowed the scope Of sociology. 2. Abstract forms separated from concrete relations cannot be studied. 3. The conception of pure society is impractical. . Sociology alone does not study social relationships. 1 . This school wants to make sociology a synthesis of the social sciences or a general science. 2. This group is headed by Druthers, Hoboes and Sirloin. 3. Deuterium’s View: Sociology has three principal division biz. A) social morphology b) social physiology c) General sociology 4. The study of relationship between the different aspects of social phenomena: Sickroom’s view. 5. Recently a sociological seminar was held in America which gave a general outline of the scope of the sociology.

Alex Ankles has put it as follows: a) Social Analysis b) Primary Concepts of Social Life c) Basic Social Institution d) Process Conclusion: The scope of sociology is very wide. It is a general science but it is also a special science. As a matter of fact, the subject matter of all social sciences is society. Formalistic (short form) Sociology deals with same topic as other sciences deal but from different angles of different modes of social relationship. This school of thought has been criticized as it has unreasonably narrowed the field of sociology. Synthetic It advocates sociology as the synthesis of social science.

All the aspect of social life are interrelated. The specific study of a particular aspect of the social event is not enough to describe the event and hence sociology should study the social life from various aspects and in totality. Cuff k TIT]S ;fifths Slings Puff :jacket Selfish ? Kid :just CLC:txt 5, t’ on page? sin fall/L ? K UDF xiv . # Every science and there is a basic unity internally between every social science and sociology. Downloaded from www. Grammar. Com. NP / -4 # Sociology also seen separate with other science but internally there is also dual relationship among these science. . 2 Relationships of Sociology with other sciences Social is a science Of society as a whole. It studies the social life as a whole. Due to the complexity of social life, it is impossible to isolate social problems from the whole range of human experience. The life of man is many-sided. There is economic aspect, as aesthetic aspect, a religious aspect, etc. Therefore, sociology can understand social life as a whole with the help of other social sociology and other social sciences have much in common. Recently, there has been a gradual coming together of various disciplinary.

There is a certain kind of relationship between sociology and other social silences. Sociology and History Similarities 1. Both of them are social sciences. 2. Scholars are accepted. Strong relationship between both social sciences. 3. History is sociology of past tense. 4. Sociology is a history of present tense. 5. Sociology has achieved support to explain the present events by helping ancient event of history. 6. For example: I. History’ studies of the war ii. Sociology analysis its socio-impact Differences 1. Sociology is a general science which focuses on all types of social relationship. . Sociology is related to present phenomena. 3. Sociology is the science which studies the abstract phenomena. 4. Sociology finds are experimented. History 1. History is a special science which only focuses on historical events. 2. History is related to past events. 3. History is the science which studies the concrete events. 4. Historical findings are not experimental. Sociology and Economic 1 . Economic relation is an aspect of social relation; this point view explains that both sciences are inter-dependent with each other. 2.

The fact that society is influenced by economic factors while economic recesses are largely determined by the social environments clearly proves that the relationship between sociology and economics is very intimate. Bargaining) / -5 1 . Sociology studies the social relationship. Economics 1. Economics studies the economic relationship. 2. Sociology studies all the aspects of social 2. Economics studies only the economic life. Aspect of social life. 3. Sociology is a general science. 3. Economics is a special science. 4. Sociology deals with the group. 4. Economics deals with the individual. . Sociology is a science of only recent 5. Economics is much older than sociology. Growth. Sociology and Political Science Sociology and political science are closely related to one another. Political science is a branch of social science dealing with the principles: Organization and Government of Human Society. It is rightly said that without the sociological background, the study of political science will be incomplete. Sociology is also dependent upon political science for its complete study. The special study of political science is done by this subject. Sociology and political science have been very closely related to each other till recently. # The two subjects have even now much in common. Political science is branch Of social science dealing with the principles Of organization and government of human society. # The forms of government, the nature of governmental organs, the laws and sphere of the state activity, which are the subjects of political science, on the one hand, and these are determined by the social process which is subject of sociology on the other hand. Downloaded from www. Grammar. Mom. NP / -6 Branches of Sociology Sub-division of Sociology Social life is composed by so many social aspects. All these aspects are the subject matter of sociology. So, naturally sociology has many branches which re determined by various social aspects. Sociology has covered all the aspects of social life and society. It is going to be very popular subject in the upcoming days due to its accessibility to every parts of social life. So, sociology has succeeded to open its own specialized branch. The major branches of sociology are given as follows: 1.

Historical Sociology: It studies the historical events which are related with society and man. It employs historical and comparative study method. Its study methods are historical and comparative. 2. Sociology of Knowledge: It is recently developed. It studies the knowledge which is social product. This branch argues that human knowledge is influenced by human society and its structure. 3. Sociology of Education: It studies the academic institution and organization. Its focus point of study is system of education or college or school. 4. Sociology of Ecology: It is related with environment.

Its subject matter is now to impact of environment on living beings. Life of the society is indispensable for the complete study of the society as a whole. The differences between sociology and political science are as follows: Political Science 1 . Sociology is the science Of society. Political science is the science of state. 2. The scope of sociology is wide. 2. The scope of political is very limited. 3. Sociology deals with social man. 3. Political Science deals with political man. 4. Sociology is a general science. 4. Political Science is a special science. 5. Sociology is the study of both organized 5.

Political science deals with organized and unrecognized communities. Communities only. 6. Sociology deals with conscious and 6. Political science deals with conscious unconscious activities of man. Activities only. 7. Sociology goes behind this assumption 7. Political science starts with the and tries to explain how and why man assumption that man is a political being. Becomes a political being. Sociology and Psychology Social psychology deals with mental processes of man considered as a social being. It studies particularly the influence of group life in the mental development of individuals.

On the other hand, sociology studies the various kinds of groups which compose the society. Social psychology has to depend on sociology to understand properly human nature and behavior as it is sociology which provides the necessary mate Of societies to which individuals along. As a result of the close relation between sociology and social psychology Karl Pearson does not accept the TV as separate sciences. Bargaining) /- 7 Some differences between sociology and social psychology are as follows: psychology 1 . Sociology deals with the social process of 1 .

Psychology deals with the psychic human society. Process of human being. 2. The scope of psychology is limited. 3. Psychology is a special science. 4. Experimental method is not possible in 4. Experimental method is useful in sociological study. Psychological study. 5. Group is the unit Of analysis in the 5. Individuals are the unit Of analysis in sociology. Psychology. Sociology and Anthropology Sociology and anthropology are so closely related sciences that they often appear as two names for the same field of enquiry. Sociology is the science of society and anthropology is the science of man.

Both society and man are complementary to each other. Anthropology is mainly divided into two ca tigress: 1. Physical Anthropology 2. Cultural Anthropology The subject matter of sociology and cultural anthropology are more or less the same. Both of them study culture, marriage, family, kinship, religion, etc. Due to this close relationship between these two, there is combined department of sociology and anthropology at most of the universities of the world. Differences between Anthropology and Sociology Anthropology 1 . Anthropology is the study of whole 1 . Sociology studies only its particular society.

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