First concept from the book “The Meaning of Sociology”

First concept from the book “The Meaning of Sociology”

First concept from the book “The Meaning of Sociology” by Sharon, that We will talk about will be; Social Structure. And more precisely how status positions form our identities, because much of our colonization involves learning about the many status positions and roles in the world. As the child learns how firefighters and dentists work, what grocery clerks and teachers do. The child learns what Mom and Dad do, what bad guys do, and what good students do.

The child plays at these roles, and in playing them displays a recognition that he or she knows the expectations attached to each. An identity is who we see ourselves as. It is the name we call ourselves and the name we usually announce to others in our actions. For most of us, gender is our most important identity, but class position and occupation are also very important. The identity I have situates me in relation to others. I see who I am in relation to them. Their acts remind me of who am; my acts toward them continue to tell them who I am.

The Identity, like role, is attached to my status position; it is my “social address ” in social structure. This concept from Sharon text can be definitely connected with the chapter 7, “Colleagues in the Cyber World,” in the book “The Tender Cut” by Patricia ND Peter Adler. The author talks about identification with the community, although people belongs to various sites and sometimes went for long periods between postings, when they find a community that fit them, they identify with it.

They experience this identification whether or not they are actively self-injuring. Steve Joneses study talks about our sense of identity is derived not only from identification with the group but from our understanding of the group identity. Because identifying with members of the community is vitally important to most of self-injurers, whether they have Lully functioning work and social lives and hid their self-injury or whether they are trapped in their houses or bedrooms, unable to make contacts with people in the solid world.

Between all of these self-injury communities, members find some strong connection. And identifying with other is easier because they all know what it feel like to be in each other’s shoes. Second concept from Sharon text will be; Social Inequality. Because class, race, and gender structures are special social structures, the individual is placed in all three at birth, the individual’s position in all three is perpetuated by the family.

That is, the family directly places the individual (for example, by determining race or bestowing wealth), and the family teaches the position to the individual (for example, how to act “like a man” or how to be a “young lady” or the way that “people like us” are supposed to act). The individual’s position in these structures influences placement in most other structures. In government, in business, in the military, or in education, what one can achieve is influenced by class, race, and gender positions. Also, the individual’s position in these structures is generally fixed, we cannot, of course, change race or gender.

Class position may be less fixed, but for the vast majority of people, class placement at birth has a strong influence: The rich generally stay rich, and the poor stay poor, and those in between move slightly above or below where they were born. Class position at birth acts as a constraining force: It does not determine where one ends up, but it does act as an important influence. We can likewise find inequalities in the self-injury community, Adler talks about it in the chapter 1 , “Literature and Population”.

In contrast to the assumption that’s self-injury is the nearly exclusive behavior of middle- and per-class people, there is a lot of this behavior occurring among others populations. Although computer access and extensive Internet participation may be limited by financial resources, making it more difficult for people of lesser means to gain access to these venues, self-injury has become much more common among people of nonwhite race/ethnicities and those who suffer and lack control over themselves, such as troubled or homeless street youth.

But self-injury is reported to be also rampant among the incarcerated, in jails and prisons as well as in juvenile detention centers, where people of rower socio-economic status and minority ethnicity are disproportionately prevalent, as well as in the military, where stress is high, and personal control low. Self-injury has spread to girls in minority, inner-city neighborhoods, especially those placed in the foster-care system. Thus, self-injury, has increasingly spread to boys, men, people of color, and those from lower socioeconomic statuses. These population suffer from structural disadvantages in society.

Another concept present in Sharon text is; Culture. In fact, culture is made up of what people come to share in their heads-?their ideas about what is rue, right, and important. Such ideas are guides to what we do, they determine many of our choices, they have far more consequences than simply being carried around in our heads. We should think of our culture as shared in interaction, constituting our agreed-on perspective of the world, and directing our acts in the world. Moreover, to argue that culture is important is to believe that learning about the world and how to act in it is a result of colonization in contrast to biology.

It is also to believe that humans do not simply imitate, but they learn about the world from other people who teach them through language. Culture is that which we learn and come to believe. A culture, then is a shared perspective, a set of ideas that people develop and learn in social interaction. Ideas can be subdivided into three categories; What is true (our truths), what is worthwhile (our values and goals) and finally what is the correct way of acting (our rules). In the chapter 9 “Self-injury Relationship,” by Adler, We can see that the Cyber world for self-injurers is a real culture!

Because they find on it what they don’t find in the real world. People can talk truthfully to their cyber friends about their self-injury, an important component of their lives that they an not discuss in the solid world. And anonymity and distance of the cyber world brought with it a certain kind of intimacy. Steve Jones, has remarked that community and relationships rest on a foundation of sustained, reflexive, personal intimacy, and this is what self-injurers found online. Many serious cyber frequenters comments that the cyber world become more real to them than the solid world.

People find kindred spirits and are accepted with all their warts. When their warts are too overwhelming, they disguise or omit them, because they are free to present themselves however they chose. Most Weber relationships are supportive and nonjudgmental. People give emotional energy to their cyber friends and acquaintances and get it back in return. They can feel secure in knowing that when they need a friendly remark or piece of advice, one would be forthcoming shortly. People feel that their cyber friends relate to and accept them at a deep level.

A fourth important concept present in Sharon text is; Social Institutions. Social institutions are real forces working on actors, and that’s why Institutions are anchored in history. This gives them permanence, stability, general acceptance, and importance. They influence and control us. It also force us to act in certain ways. And it finally arise as people interact over time. Plus, actions become institutions when new parties enter the relationship, and they must learn the established patterns, and things change dramatically. They are most evident in societies.

All organizations develop institutions. Institutions deal with problems that make it possible for people to live together in society. Institutions, because they are grooves we see operating all around us, ensure enough uniformity in action among individuals so that cooperation is made possible. But not all communities accept society’s institutions, and many that develop their own alternative patterns come into conflict with the larger society. Groups who seek alternative patterns are ignored, but those who support the institution see them as a challenge, and these groups are discouraged.

Protecting institutions is almost always seen as a serious endeavor. In the Adler Book, chapter 8, “Self-injury communities”, we see that self- injury world has its own institution, with its behaviors, and beliefs, but this community doesn’t only have negative points but also positives actions. Because some of self-injured people are helping themselves by helping others. In David Brown’s study we can see that people who had been through alcohol or drug problems turned during their early stages of sobriety to counseling other drug addicts and alcoholics.

They went through the training to get professionally certified and worked in the field of helping others. Thus, by helping others, they also helping themselves. Assisting others gave them a sense of value and purpose when their lives were feeling tenuous. They wanted to be there for others as people had been for them. They deeply lived that they were best equipped to understand and to give advice to self-injurers, that their words would have greater resonance to other practitioners because of their own struggles. A fifth concept present in Sharon Text; Social Order and Control.

Because social order depends on colonization, and it refers to the process by which the individual is taught to know the society, and to learn its culture, structure, and institutions, as well as his or her place there. Through colonization, we learn to accept social organization because we are taught that it benefits us, or it is us, or we must accept it to survive. To become socialized is to “become” society, to make it part of us, to internalize it. Each social organization we enter and each we form sets up procedures to make new members learn the patterns and ensure that things work smoothly.

Willingness arises from colonization. But unfortunately, colonization is never perfect. For many, loyalty is never felt; for some, the patterns are not willingly followed. This is true in every organization: in society, in the university, in families, and in businesses, to name a few. If colonization worked perfectly, there would be little individuality, no criminals, no revolutionaries, no satisfied member, no one unhappy with the social structure. Thankfully, humans are not only conforming members of organization. They are also rebels, questioners, suspicious, creative, and individualistic.

Connecting this concept to the chapter 6 “Loners in the Social World,” by Adler. We can see in this section how self-injurers fall in a social isolation, and are not socialized anymore. Reinforcing these loner deviance tendencies, self- injurers considers their acts personal, not to be share with others. Self- injurers derives satisfaction from the focus and concentration of being alone hill they are engaged in their deviance. It is all about them; the company of others would cause them to lose their complete self-focus in the act, detracting from the experience.

They just turn out the world and focus exclusively on themselves. Without a deviant subculture to help them legitimate their acts, early self-injurers, like others loner deviants, have feelings of disapproval and embarrassment about their behavior. Like physician drug addicts, they feel shame about their self-destructive behavior. Yet just as their need for social isolation led to behaviors that exacerbated it, heir self-injury often cause the feelings of shame that preceded these acts. Social power is an other concept from Sharon text, that we all use but rarely define.

In fact, the more we try to define it, the more the concept seems to elude us. Weber wrote, that power has something to do with “achieving one’s will. ” and that is a good place to begin. People who have power achieve their will in relation to others. When they want something, they get it; they win in the relationship. Weber believed that social power accompanies social action-?so, therefore, power is an element of a willful act; it accompanies an intentional attempt to achieve one’s will or to get one’s way.

Another famous writer, who talks about authority; Amos Hawley wrote: “Every social act is an exercise of power, every social relationship is a power equation, and every social group or system is an organization of power. ” Although for many of us, power is something that sounds bad, it is an inherent part of all social life. Most of use say we believe in democracy. We say that we believe that the people should somehow rule themselves. And the fact that people rules and wants to control themselves, is present in the Adler book chapter 5; ‘The Phenomenology of the cut.

People often gave to explain their self-injury involved the desire to feel a sense of control over themselves. They feel more smarter than everyone else because they can control it and realize that they can do it. They feel powerful on themselves. Many people whose lives feel out of control use self-injury to challenge this feeling. Some views this strategy as being gendered, since women and girls often find themselves in disembowel situation. They searching for ways to bring control into their lives.

By injuring themselves, they feel that they can control where their hurt is going to be, how much pressure they can put on he knife and how much they want to cut themselves. In this way they are controlling the pain, as opposed to having it consume them. They love the way they fell after, they compare the feeling of release fro self-injury as almost a high, akin to the endorphin release associated with exercising or doing drugs. For some people it can be more intense sensations, for example one women posted online “Don’t encourage anyone to do this but tonight I cut and that crap felt like an orgasm. Symbols, self and mind, is an other concept present in Sharon Text, and we will focus more in the term of determinism, it is definitely part of what much Of sociology is. It just seems to “come with the territory” because the real purpose of sociology (as well as all other sciences) is to understand what causes something, what causes human action. The question does not lend itself to an investigation of freedom and individuality. The work of George Herbert Mead wrote about the links between the individual and society, and always emphasized the interdependence of the two.

Society makes the human being yet the human being, in turn, makes society. We are social beings, Mead argued, but our most important individual qualities (all of which rise from society); symbols, self, and mind, also allow us to exercise some control over our lives. We can also discuss about individuality, and it is like all other human qualities: It arises in interaction with others. We are all different, and some of us are very different partly because we each have a unique set of interactions, positions, cultures, and colonization experiences.

We are all subject to a different set Of social controls. Each actor faces a different set Of influences; each is the convergence of a different set of social forces. And the causes of individualism can be that; each of us has a different interaction story and is subject to a different set of social forces, or a biologically different, and the reactions of others to these differences also enter into what we all become, and finally because we have some freedom we are able to create our own uniqueness to some extent.

Connecting this concept to the chapter 4 “Becoming a Self Injury’ in the Adler book, we can see that the author talks about the motivation of why people become self-injurers. Some of the reasons why people become self- injurers, come from their backgrounds of severe trauma such as physical or sexual abuse and possibly chemical imbalance or mental or mental illness. Aside from the occasional individual curious about how it feel to self-injure, most people who cut, burned, or otherwise injured themselves did it because they were in some sort of emotional distress.

Some examples about self- injurers, who were driven to this behavior by nothing more serious than the minor stresses typically associated with normal adolescence, as Chelsea, 19- years-old college student, she said “l just remember, like, I wasn’t happy or something, and I wanted to see what it would feel like. ” They upsets with theirs friends, romantic relationships, and family members as having led them to self-injury. Some other will chose self-injury as a model of rebellion.

Whether it was loneliness, insecurity, depression, anxiety, alienation, or rebellion, self-injury provided a form of comfort that assist these young people during a stressful period of their lives. Last concept, that we will discuss about in the Sharon text is; Social Change. In this section, the author talks about how organization can never satisfy the needs and interests of everyone equally; there is always struggle over what it offers to its members (struggle over rights, power, money, prestige, who pays taxes, who is deviant, and what ideas and values shall be adhered to).

Why do we act in the world the way we do? At this question Max Weber pointed out that much of the way people do things can be divided into tradition and rationality. We act the way we do because that is the way people like us have always acted (tradition). We act the way we do because it works for the problems we need to solve (rationality). Moreover, there is an increasing tendency to escape traditional action and replace it with rational action: the application of knowledge to solving problems.

The last connection to the Adler book will be with the chapter 1, “Literature and Population”. It talks about; (Ir)rationales. Because some people developed logical rationales that justified their self-injury. Rather than understanding their drive to injure by citing overwhelming emotion or pain, they had accounts that made sense of their actions to themselves in more measured fashion. These were not necessarily intended to legitimate or neutralize their acts but, rather, to clarify their purpose and meaning.

In an other way to talk about Social change, according to the views of Weber, we can talk about the typical profiles of self-injurers as teenagers, reinforcing by their greater visibility and communication. Youth have more socially accept ensues for expressing their emotions through this behavior because it is openly known. They also flock readily to online sites to discuss their social dramas and alienation.

They are very comfortable journaling and blobbing about their feelings. Some internet groups require people to be at least 13 years old to post, so this signals the age that some forums consider the behavior acceptable. Many forums were created to cater to the older harming crowd. People over 30 often posted that they feel their needs get lost sometime because the focus, both online and in the solid world, is often directed towards teenagers.

Please follow and like us:
Haven’t found the essay you want?