Outline and assess left and right realist explanations

Outline and assess left and right realist explanations

Wilson noted that the Great Depression in the USA did not result in a rise in crime. Another right realist explanation is that the welfare state has undermined our sense of obligation to support each other, Nathan community controls, I. E. Informal controls imposed by neighbors, family and peer groups are breaking down. Right realists stress that attempts to explain the causes of crime should be abandoned and that sociologists should instead focus on finding practical solutions to slow the growth of crime.

This developed the control theory. Hirsch argues that crime is opportunistic and anyone would commit crime if the situation was right and there was little chance of being caught. He says that sociologists should not focus on whoopee commit crime but why more people do not. He maintains that most people are rational in their choices and that there are controls that operate to make most people keep their actions within the bounds of the law.

They are, Attachment- commitment to family relationships which could be threatened by criminal acts, Commitment- years of education, building a career, buying a home and squiring a good reputation, all this could be lost by committing crime, Involvement- some people are actively involved in community life as volunteers, overgenerous for schools etc. All this would be jeopardize by criminal behavior. Right realists believe the way to control crime is to take practical measures to make sure the cost of crime outweighs the benefits.

Left realists such as Lea and Young attempt to explain street crime in urban areas. Thermometric survey of inner-city Collision showed that working class, black planned especially elderly women, had a realistic fear Of street crime. Lea and Young argue that despite evidence of police racism, criminal statistics are largely correct as working classes and Afro-Caribbean do commit the most crime. They agreed Tahiti-collar and crimes go largely undetected and under punished, they do not point out however that they do not have the same negative impact on society as crimes such as mugging or burglary.

Lea and Young maintain the reason why working class and Afro-Caribbean people commit crime is to do with feelings of ‘relative deprivation,’ such as comparing themselves to middle class or white youth with regard to life Hansen, living standards and income. Such groups feel frustrated with their lack of power. Negative treatment by the police and authorities leave groups feeling hostile and resentful, consequently they are marginalia.

Some Mayfair subcultures to help choppiest the stratification and normalization. Hughes notes that left realists should be valued for the challenge they posed to radical criminology’s thinking on the issues of intra-class and intra-ethnic crimes. Left realism has drawn attention to the brutalizing effects of street crimes in he inner-city and the fact that some theories of crime have romanticists offenders, it has highlighted the effects of crime for victims, a group neglected by most theories of crime.

It realistically acknowledges that the police amplify the presence of some groups in the criminal statistics through the use of stop and search, but points out that policing is quite rightly focusing on those groups most likely to commit crime. There is no empirical evidence to support the view that young working class or black criminals interpret their loyalties in the way described by Lea and Young. Research on the motives of offenders is required.

Lea and Young do not really explain why the majority Of working class and Afro-Caribbean youth do not turn to crime. Left realism only focuses on collective or subcultures criminal responses and does not explain crimes such as burglary, which are committed by individuals rather than gangs. It focuses exclusively on street crime and ignores other serious crimes such as fraud and it fails to account for opportunistic crime committed by adults.

Please follow and like us:
Haven’t found the essay you want?