Medical Sociology Chapter

Medical Sociology Chapter

Hollingsworth and Redline produced informant research that correlated different types of mental disorders with psychiatric care Parsons ; 1 951 oriented American sociology toward theory ; Wrote book The Social System which contained the concept of the sick role ; It describes a patterned set of expectations defining the norms and values appropriate to being sick ; He provided a theoretical approach for medical sociology’ that brought the recognition it needed in its early development in the U.

S. Practical application vs.. Theory ; Sociology in medicine can be characterized as applied research and analysis armorial motivated by a medical problem ; Sociologists usually work in medical schools, nursing schools, public health schools, teaching hospitals, public health agencies, and other health organizations.

Defining Health ; No single, all purpose definition of health that fits all circumstances, but there are many concepts such as health as normality, the absence of disease or the ability to function. ; The World Health Organization defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well being, and not merely the absence of disease or injury. Being healthy also means having a sense of well-being. ; Rene Dubos explains that health can be defined as the ability to function. Healthy are not free from health problems but can function to the point that they can do what they want to do, The publics health ; Awareness that disease could be caused by unhealthy social conditions and lifestyles spread through common sense and practical experience ; Significant development occurred when it was realized that uncontaminated food, water and air, as well as sanitary living conditions, could reduce the onset and spread of ammoniac bled diseases.

Reemergence of Infectious disease ; Newly emerging or re-emerging infectious diseases is now being used to refer to this phenomenon ; Some pathogens have shown a remarkable ability to resist antibiotics, certain disease -transmitting insects have resisted pesticide, and humans have created ecological disturbances uncovering new diseases. Bioethics

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