Knit communities

Knit communities

Using one city furor choice in Zombie assess the role of arbitration on social relations. Arbitration is the shift from rural to an urban society bringing a large concentration of people into towns and cities. The term arbitration is derived from the Latin “rubs” used by the Romans referring to a city (www. Sociologically. Com). Temporariness also defined arbitration as the movement of people from communities that mainly practice agriculture to other communities generally larger whose activities are primarily centered in governance, trade and manufacture. Abomination is a two way process because it involves not only movement from village to cities and change from agriculture occupation to and profession but also involves change in the migrants’ attitudes, beliefs and values behavior patterns. The facilities like education, healthcare, implementation’s, civic facilities and social welfare are reasons attracting people to urban theories of urbanism focus on how living in city affects interaction patterns and social relations, this essay seeks to describe how urbanism has affected social relations in the city of Mutate.

Before the industrial revolution families were a unit of production and considered to be multifunctional. Every member of the family had to work including small children. Families had wide kinship networks and supported each other and main sectors of production were agriculture and animal husbandry. With the industrial revolution people had to adapt to new conditions and change something in their lifestyle. The industrialization lead to urbanism which demanded higher geographical mobility which lead to a reduction of kinship network.

Women and children were side lined from work n order to perform family functions and men were seen as breadwinners. However people interpret the effect of arbitration differently and functionalists see arbitration as a necessary development in order to cope with the changes around. Classical theoretical view of urbanism say that cities have the reputation of being impersonal and it says urban life is disruptive for both families and friendships.

Simmer believed that because of the heterogeneity,density and size of urban populations, interactions become divided and existing on for a time resulting in weakened social bonds. Wilson 1993) hypothesizes that urbanism inhibits family completeness in that people are less likely to marry, that it disrupts family relationships in terms of the number and frequency of contacts between relatives, and that it changes the functions saved by kinship that is as community size neoconservatives are less to rely on one another.

Modern theoretical view argues that cities do not interfere with development and maintenance of functional and positive personal relationships. Herbert Gangs (1994) carried out a study on an Italian urban neighborhood in Boston called West End and found such spinsterhood to be community oriented and marked clause interpersonal ties. Rather than finding social disorientation described by Worth,Gangs observed that kinship and ethnicity helped bind people together . Townies’ conception of the nature of social system helps to explain the effects of arbitration on social relations.

Townies’ system is based on his distinction between the Gamesmanship (communal society) and the Shillelagh’s (urban society). Len the rural peasant societies that typify Gamesmanship, personal relations are defined and regulated on the basis of traditional social rules and arms. People have simple and direct face to face relations with each other. Individuals are not distinguishable from one another, property turns to be communal. All members of the group work at common task and derive enjoyment from this community. There is collective possession of property and land is the essential form of property.

Life of the group is not a work of individual wills but is completely directed by group habits, customs and traditions. (American journal of sociology). Contrary to the Gamesmanship Townies talked of the Cheesecloth which is typified by modern, cosmopolitan societies with government bureaucracies and large industrial organizations. Townies said life in the city implies a circle of man who as in communal arrears live and dwell in peace one besides the other but instead of being essentially joined are on the contrary essentially separated . Men are distinct despite all the links.

Nobody is able to make anything for another unless it is in exchange for a similar service or for a compensation that he judges to be equivalent to that which he has given. Only the prospect of profit would lead one to give up a property that he possesses. The law of communism is now replaced by a contractual law . In the city of Mutate large numbers of people live close to each other without knowing most of others personally. This is in sharp contrast to small and traditional villages that surround Mutate e. G. Zinnia, Marriage and Mutual .

For example in communal lands when someone dies the whole community is involved and they contribute towards the funeral in cash and in kind whereas in urban areas someone might pass on without the neighbor knowing and attending the funeral. Urbanism has reduced the importance of kinship ties s roles previously taken by kinsman are now being played by other social groups like churches, counterinsurgencies and schools, for example in communal areas counseling of girls was done by aunts and uncles but now in urban areas counseling is done by pastors and teachers thereby undermining the importance of kinsman.

Many contracts between city dwellers are as Townies suggested, not lasting and partial, they are means to other end rather being satisfying relationships to themselves. Worth calls them “secondary” contracts compared to “primary contracts” of familial and strong immunity relationships. For example interactions with sales people, cashiers in banks are passing encounters entered into not for their own sake as in communal relations, but merely as means to other aims.

Since those who live in urban areas tend to be highly mobile moving around to find work and to enjoy leisure and travel, they are relatively weak bonds between them. Competition tends to prevail over cooperation and social relations can appear as thin and easily broken. (Calhoun et al 1994 ) French sociologists Mile Druthers agreed much to Townies thinking about ties but Druthers said that urbanites do not lack social bonds; they simply organize social lives differently from rural people.

He described traditional rural life as mechanical solidarity I. E. Social bonds based on common sentiments and shared moral values and norms. With its emphasis on tradition, Deuterium’s concept of mechanical solidarity bears striking similarity to Townies Geriatricians . Arbitration erodes mechanical solidarity but it also generates a new type of bonding which he called organic solidarity I. E. Social bonds based on specialization and interdependence.

While Townies ND Druthers agreed growth of industries undermine tradition, Druthers optimistically pointed to anew kind of solidarity where society has been built on electroluminescent saw social relations based on difference. For Druthers urban society offered more individual choice, moral tolerance and personal privacy than people found in rural villages. (Mansions 2005). A major figure in the Chicago school of urban sociology Lewis Worth defined the city as a setting with a large dense of socially diverse population these traits result in an impersonal, superficial and transitory way of life.

Living among millions of others,urbanites come into contact with many people than rural residents *Thus when city people notice others at all, they usually know them not in terms of who they are but what they do e. G. The bus driver, florist or grocery store clerk. Self interest rather friendship is usually the main reason for the interaction. On one hand arbitration was troubling; Townies with Worth saw personal ties and traditional morality lost in the rush of the city. On the other hand Druthers emphasized urbanism positive face pointing to more personal autonomy and greater personal choice.

Some analysis Of urbanism tended to over look the extent to which close knit communities persist in the city (Greenly 2002). The Undue people from Chipping despite having migrated from Chipping to Mutate urban area they still remain close to each other because of belief and norms for example they all attend the United Church of Christ in Zombie (U. C. C. Z) church which is dominant in Chipping. Some people in Mutate urban are held together by similar totems or district of originality for example those from Mutual district popularly call themselves ‘was

Please follow and like us:
Haven’t found the essay you want?