Contemporary Sport Sociology and Ancient Greek Athletics

Contemporary Sport Sociology and Ancient Greek Athletics

According to Norte Alias however he viewed ancient Greek sport primarily as a form of military training, featuring unchecked violence that often led to mutilation or death when in modern sport, the violence is controlled. Allen Stuntman however noted 7 fundamental characteristics of the transition from the traditional to the modern. The 7 fundamental characteristics of the transition are as follows, Secularism, equality, specialization, rationalization, eructation organization, quantification, and record keeping.

Secularism was in the honor of the gods, usually sacrifices would take place, not sacred or religious however. The connection between Greek athletics and religion became looser over time, and the tat Leticia competitions appeared to be originated from funerals for the deceased heroes that had passed away. Equality meant that all classes could compete and all conditions to be the same for all the participants meaning anybody could compete side by side, elite or non elite.

Specialization meant games were divided into a panoply of discrete events of 4 categories which included foot races, horse or mule racing boxing or wrestling or penetration a mix of both. The last one was Pentathlon where men and boys were separated, it was more for the beardless youths. However runners, boxers and wrestlers never participated in each others events just the penetration or the pentathlon. Rationalization were the regimens to train hard that involved hard physical conditioning, massage therapy and specific diet plans for the high level competitors.

Only thing was that there was no uniform length meaning no timing, or uniform weight meaning no weight classes. The same race course and the same size but not exactly by weight. They did however have a 30 day regime to eat the same diet and be fair. Bureaucratic organization meaning to be fair priests, umpires, referee, and judges would be present and the states appointed gymnasia’s or boards to oversee all the local coaches, dieticians, masseurs, physicians and other staff would be selected and regulated by these public officials.

Qualification and record keeping meant that there was a lack of precise instruments of time reckoning necessary to measure speed records. Greeks however were not preoccupied about setting world records, but did keep records in public memory like statues, poems in home town, or temples. John Harvests noted that the imbrications of physical fitness into other regimens of body culture such as the pursuit of beauty and sexual attractiveness through cosmetologists dietary means. Even naked athletics existed to stimulate erotic voyeurism.

However the availability of great rewards as the end product is not the same necessary financial support for an athletes training and travel and personal maintenance. Homeric poems show heroes taking delight in collecting war booty and costly gifts during their travels. The rich had the money to keep the high protein diets and purchase private training for their sons from successful former athletes. The rich didn’t play for wealth and riches, but rather for respect and social capital in the phenylalanine eye.

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